Yousuf A. Ahmed

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Endochondral ossification is the process by which the embryonic cartilaginous model of most bones contributes to longitudinal growth and is gradually replaced by bone. During endochondral ossification, chondrocytes proliferate, undergo hypertrophy and die; the cartilage extracellular matrix they construct is then invaded by blood vessels, osteoclasts, bone(More)
OBJECTIVE Post-proliferative chondrocytes in growth cartilage are present in two forms, light and dark cells. These cells undergo hypertrophy and die by a mechanism that is morphologically distinct from apoptosis, but has not been characterized. The aims of the current study were to document the ultrastructural appearance of dying hypertrophic chondrocytes,(More)
Much is known regarding the structure and logic of genetic regulatory networks. Less understood is the contextual organization of promoter signals used during transcription initiation, the most pivotal stage during gene expression. Here we show that promoter networks organize spontaneously at a dimension between the 1-dimension of the DNA and 3-dimension of(More)
There is scant morphological data for equine carpal bones despite the frequent pathology in Thoroughbreds (TB). This study aimed to identify morphological and morphometrical variations and similarities in carpal bones between and within TB and Ponies (Po). Carpal bones from nine TB and 13 Po were prepared by boiling and drying. Lateromedial width,(More)
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY Equine osteochondrosis results from a failure of endochondral ossification during skeletal growth. Endochondral ossification involves chondrocyte proliferation, hypertrophy and death. Until recently no culture system was available to study these processes in equine chondrocytes. OBJECTIVE To optimise an in vitro model in which(More)
The Influence of glucocorticoid administration exerts on bone volume in rats at different months of age. P-TUE-41 Vitamin K analogues phytonadione (K1) and menatetrenone (K2) promote the differentiation of primary human osteoblasts Welldon, K. P-TUE-84 Hypovitaminosis D and hyperparathyroidism counteract higher bone mineral density in obese women with(More)
Hypertrophic "light" and "dark" chondrocytes have been reported as morphologically distinct cell types in growth cartilage during endochondral ossification in many species, but functional differences between the two cell types have not been described. The aim of the current study was to develop a pellet culture system using chondrocytes isolated from(More)
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