Younyoung Kim

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine that plays an important role in cerebrovascular pathophysiology with protective activity against ischemia-induced neuronal death. We investigated the association of the polymorphism in TGFB1 with ischemic stroke and vascular dementia. METHODS Three(More)
An aging-suppressor gene, klotho, is a candidate factor for vascular disease because its deficiency leads to impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation and impaired angiogenesis. We investigated the association of polymorphisms in klotho with ischemic stroke. We searched for sequence variants in promoter and exons of klotho gene. For the association study,(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), also referred to as prion diseases, are fatal diseases which gradually destroy the brain tissues with a characteristic ‘sponge-like’ appearance. They include Kuru and Creuzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in humans, scrapie in sheep and goats, and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle. The PrPSc(More)
Genetic associations of fatty acid composition with exonic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the gene encoding fatty acid synthase (FASN) were examined using 513 Korean cattle. All five individual SNPs of g.12870 T>C, g.13126 T>C, g.15532 C>A, g.16907 T>C and g.17924 G>A were associated with a variety of fatty acid compositions and further with(More)
Associations of carcass phenotypes with genes regulating fat and energy metabolism involved in adaptive thermogenesis were examined in beef cattle. Carcass weight (CW) was found to be associated with MAP2K6 and UCP2 genes; back fat thickness (BFT) was found to be associated with PPARGC1A, MAP2K6, and UCP2 genes; marbling score (MS) was found to be(More)
A partial genome scan using microsatellite markers was conducted to detect quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for 10 fatty acid contents of backfat on 15 chromosomes in a porcine resource population. Two QTLs were discovered on Sus scrofa chromosome 4 (SSC4) and SSC7. The QTL on SSC4 was located between marker loci sw1336 and sw512, and this QTL was detected (P(More)
Insulin resistance occurs early in the disease process, preceding the development of type 2 diabetes. Therefore, the identification of molecules that contribute to insulin resistance and leading up to type 2 diabetes is important to elucidate the molecular pathogenesis of the disease. To this end, we characterized gene expression profiles from(More)
We examined the genetic associations of previously identified sequence variants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its potentially genetic heterogeneity by gender in a large-scale cohort. A total of 613 T2DM patients and 8221 control subjects from the Korea Association REsource (KARE) cohort were included in the analysis of genetic association of T2DM(More)
This study aimed to identify functional associations of cis-regulatory regions with gout susceptibility using data resulted from a genome-wide association study (GWAS), and to show a genetic architecture for gout with interaction effects among genes within each of the identified functions. The GWAS was conducted with 8314 control subjects and 520 patients(More)
Associations of obesity with its candidate genes, beta-adrenergic receptor genes (ADRBs), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma), and uncoupling proteins (UCPs) were studied in Korean adolescents. We analyzed the obesity-related phenotypes body mass index (BMI), percentage of body fat, plasma leptin and insulin levels, fasting glucose(More)