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RATIONALE Baseline characteristics and management have changed over time in patients requiring mechanical ventilation; however, the impact of these changes on patient outcomes is unclear. OBJECTIVES To estimate whether mortality in mechanically ventilated patients has changed over time. METHODS Prospective cohort studies conducted in 1998, 2004, and(More)
INTRODUCTION Fever is frequently observed in critically ill patients. An independent association of fever with increased mortality has been observed in non-neurological critically ill patients with mixed febrile etiology. The association of fever and antipyretics with mortality, however, may be different between infective and non-infective illness. (More)
BACKGROUND Acute exacerbation (AE) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is increasingly recognized as a relatively common and highly morbid clinical event. However, clinical data on AE in non-IPF interstitial pneumonia are sparse. This study was performed to find the frequency, clinical features, and outcome of AE in non-IPF interstitial pneumonia. (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of diaphragmatic dysfunction diagnosed by M-mode ultrasonography (vertical excursion <10 mm or paradoxic movements) in medical intensive care unit patients and to assess the influence of diaphragmatic dysfunction on weaning outcome. DESIGN Prospective, observational study. SETTING Twenty-eight-bed medical intensive(More)
RATIONALE The role of viruses in pneumonia in adults and the impact of viral infection on mortality have not been elucidated. Previous studies have significant limitations in that they relied predominantly on upper respiratory specimens. OBJECTIVES To investigate the role of viral infection in adult patients with pneumonia requiring intensive care unit(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of pulmonary fibrosis associated with scleroderma (PF-SSc) has been reported to be significantly better than that of IPF. Because the nonspecific interstitial pneumonia-pattern (NSIP), a newly defined subgroup of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIP), has better prognosis than the usual interstitial pneumonia pattern (UIP), we(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether long-term outcome differs between acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) resulting from pulmonary (ARDSp) and extrapulmonary (ARDSexp) causes. DESIGN Observational study. SETTING Medical intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS Twenty-nine ARDS patients (16 ARDSp and 13 ARDSexp) who survived over 6(More)
Knowledge of clinical demographics and outcomes of mechanically ventilated patients is important but there are few prospectively collected data in Korea. The objective of the present study was to describe the current status of mechanically ventilated patients in Korea as of 2010. We analyzed the data of Korean patients (275 patients in 12 Korean intensive(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking may induce changes in T-lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood. Abnormalities of T-lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood and in BAL fluid, and increased CD8+ T lymphocytes in the airways have been reported in patients with COPD. These findings suggest that T-lymphocyte abnormalities might be involved in the pathogenesis of airflow(More)
OBJECTIVES A recently developed bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) galactomannan (GM) assay shows promising results. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of this assay and analyzed risk factors for false-positive results. METHODS A prospective cohort study was performed in a tertiary hospital over a 9-month period. We reviewed all adult patients who(More)