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Underwater mobile sensor networks have recently been proposed as a way to explore and observe the ocean, providing 4D (space and time) monitoring of underwater environments. We consider a specialized geographic routing problem called pressure routing that directs a packet to any sonobuoy on the surface based on depth information available from on-board(More)
—A SEA Swarm (Sensor Equipped Aquatic Swarm) is a sensor cloud that drifts with water currents and enables 4D (space and time) monitoring of local underwater events such as contaminants, marine life and intruders. The swarm is escorted at the surface by drifting sonobuoys that collect the data from underwater sensors via acoustic modems and report it in(More)
Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UW-ASNs) use acoustic links as a means of communications and are accordingly confronted with long propagation delays, low bandwidth, and high transmission power consumption. This unique situation, however, permits multiple packets to concurrently propagate in the underwater channel, which must be exploited in order to(More)
—Mobile underwater networking is a developing technology for monitoring and exploring the Earth's oceans. For effective underwater exploration, multimedia communications such as sonar images and low resolution videos are becoming increasingly important. Unlike terrestrial RF communication, underwater networks rely on acoustic waves as a means of(More)
Geographic routing in wireless sensor networks requires sources nodes to be aware of the location information of sinks to send their data. To provide the sink location service , quorum-based schemes have been proposed, which exploit crossing points between a quorum of a sink location announcement (SLA) message from a sink and a quorum of a sink location(More)
Underwater sensor networking is generally regarded as an emerging technology to conduct oceanic exploration and research in an automated and effective manner. As underwater operations become more sophisticated, there is an increasing demand for real-time video streaming. However, real-time video streaming requires high bandwidth as well as low latency.(More)
In wireless sensor networks, an energy-efficient routing protocol is a key design factor to prolong network lifetime. Recently, Optimal Coverage-Preserving Scheme (OCoPS) is proposed in [11] as an extension of the Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) routing protocol with the coverage-preserving scheme which saves energy consumption through(More)
Indoor localization has attracted much attention recently due to its potential for realizing indoor location-aware application services. This paper considers a time-critical scenario with a team of soldiers or first responders conducting emergency mission operations in a large building in which infrastructure-based localization is not feasible (e.g., due to(More)
As underwater communications adopt acoustics as the primary modality, we are confronting several unique challenges such as highly limited bandwidth, severe fading, and long propagation delay. To cope with these, many MAC protocols and PHY layer techniques have been proposed. In this paper, we present a research platform that allows developers to easily(More)