Youngkyun Lee

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Nuclear factor E2 p45-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor involved in the expression of cytoprotective genes induced by external stresses. We investigated the role of Nrf2 in osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation. Nrf2 knockdown or deletion increased osteoclastic differentiation from bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) through the(More)
Understanding the molecular mechanisms through which CD22 regulates B lymphocyte homeostasis, signal transduction, and tolerance is critical to defining normal B cell function and understanding the role of CD22 in autoimmunity. Therefore, CD22 function was examined in vivo and in vitro using B cells from CD22-deficient (CD22(-/-)) mice. Backcrossing of(More)
CD20 plays a role in human B cell proliferation and is an effective target for immunotherapy. In this study, mouse CD20 expression and biochemistry were assessed for the first time using a new panel of CD20-specific mAb, with CD20 function assessed using CD20-deficient (CD20(-/-)) mice. CD20 expression was B cell restricted and was initiated during late(More)
Osteoclasts differentiate from precursor cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage and subsequently become activated to be competent for bone resorption through programs primarily governed by receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand in cooperation with macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Proteins prominently expressed at late phases of(More)
The crucial role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase for osteoclast differentiation has been suggested from studies with specific pharmacological inhibitors and dominant-negative forms of p38. However, the targets through which p38 regulates osteoclast differentiation have not been clearly revealed. Here, we show that inhibition of p38 activity with(More)
Osteoclasts are cells that have a specialized role for bone resorption and are responsible for many bone diseases such as osteoporosis. As herbal products are invaluable sources in discovery of compounds for new therapies, we sought to identify compounds efficacious in suppressing osteoclastogenesis from medicinal plants that have been implicated for(More)
Noncoding small regulatory RNA molecules control gene expression and microRNAs provide one of the best examples in eukaryotes. However, bacterial RNAs of comparable size to eukaryotic microRNAs have received little attention. Here, we demonstrate the existence of microRNA-size, small RNAs (msRNAs) in the model bacterium Escherichia coli. We examined the(More)
In inflammatory responses, induction of cytokines and other immune regulator genes in macrophages by pathogen-associated signal such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) plays a crucial role. In this study, the gene expression profile changes by LPS treatment in the macrophage/monocyte lineage cell line RAW264.7 was investigated. A 60-mer oligonucleotide microarray(More)
The precise regulation of Ca(2+) dynamics is crucial for proper differentiation and function of osteoclasts. Here we show the involvement of plasma membrane Ca(2+) ATPase (PMCA) isoforms 1 and 4 in osteoclastogenesis. In immature/undifferentiated cells, PMCAs inhibited receptor activator of NF-κB ligand-induced Ca(2+) oscillations and osteoclast(More)
Osteoclasts are bone-specific multinucleated cells generated by differentiation of monocyte/macrophage lineage precursors. Regulation of osteoclast differentiation is considered an effective therapeutic approach to the treatment of bone-lytic diseases. In this study, we investigated effects of sauchinone, a lignan from Saururus chinensis, on(More)