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Most current approaches to Web Service discovery exploit description logic-based matchmaking algorithms. Until now, these Semantic Web Service technologies have not substituted for traditional search methods, because higher modeling costs, such as representing Service Annotation Ontologies and Domain Ontologies, are required. In this paper, we present an(More)
Guinea pigs were fed a hypercholesterolemic diet (0.25 g/100 g cholesterol) and randomly allocated either to a Control group (n = 9) or to a Lutein (0.1 g/100 g) group (n = 10) for 12 weeks to evaluate oxidative stress and inflammation in both liver and eyes. Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations and inflammatory cytokines were measured as well as hepatic(More)
Adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) plays a critical role in the formation and metabolism of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs). Adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter A1 in the liver and small intestine, in particular, accounts for approximately 90% of plasma HDL cholesterol. Therefore, any alterations in the hepatic(More)
Dyslipidemia and oxidative stress contribute to atherogenesis. Astaxanthin (ASTX) is a red-colored carotenoid well known for its high antioxidant capacity. However, its effects on lipid metabolism and antioxidant defense mechanisms have received only limited investigation. We fed male apoE knockout (apoE)(-/-) mice, a mouse model for atherosclerosis, a(More)
To investigate the regulation of cholesterol transporters, including ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), ABCG1 and scavenger receptor class B, type I (SR-BI), by inflammatory stimuli in macrophages. RAW 264.7 macrophages and mouse peritoneal macrophages were treated with inflammatory stimuli with or without rosiglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator(More)
Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT), a process to deliver excess cholesterol from the periphery to the liver for excretion from body, is a major atheroprotective property of high-density lipoproteins. As major transporters for cholesterol efflux in macrophages, ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and G1 (ABCG1) are critical for RCT. We investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammation contributes to the development of pathological disorders including insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. Identification of anti-inflammatory natural products can prevent the inflammatory diseases. METHODS Anti-inflammatory effects of blue-green algae (BGA), i.e., Nostoc commune var. sphaeroides Kützing (NO) and Spirulina(More)
Dietary consumption of phytosterols and certain fatty acids has been shown to reduce cholesterol absorption and plasma cholesterol concentrations. However, it has not been fully elucidated whether phytosterols or fatty acids can alter the expression of cholesterol transporters by functioning as signaling molecules. This study tested the hypothesis that(More)
We evaluated the effects of grape consumption on inflammation and oxidation in the presence or absence of dyslipidemias in metabolic syndrome (MetS). Men with MetS (n = 24), 11 with high triglycerides and low HDL and 13 with no dyslipidemia were recruited and randomly allocated to consume daily either 46 g of lyophilized grape powder (GRAPE), equivalent to(More)
We hypothesized that a polyphenol-rich chokeberry extract (CBE) would modulate hepatic lipid metabolism and improve antioxidant function in apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE(-/-)) mice. ApoE(-/-) mice were fed diets containing 15% fat with 0.2% cholesterol alone or supplemented with 0.005% or 0.05% CBE for 4 weeks. CBE polyphenol content was determined by the(More)