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Unlike liquid crystal display (LCD) panels that require high-intensity backlight, organic LED (OLED) display panels naturally consume low power and provide high image quality thanks to their self-illuminating characteristic. In spite of this fact, the OLED display panel is still the dominant power consumer in battery-operated devices. As a result, there(More)
The design of electric vehicles require a complete paradigm shift in terms of embedded systems architectures and software design techniques that are followed within the conventional automotive systems domain. It is increasingly being realized that the evolutionary approach of replacing the engine of a car by an electric engine will not be able to address(More)
This paper pioneers the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) of photovoltaic (PV) cells that directly supply power to a microprocessor without an energy storage element (a battery or a large-size capacitor) nor power converters. The maximum power point tracking is conventionally performed by an MPPT charger that stores in the energy storage element, and a(More)
State-of-the-art electrical energy storage (EES) systems are mainly homogeneous, i.e., they consist of a single type of EES elements. None of the existing EES elements is capable of simultaneously fulfilling all the desired features of an ideal EES system, e.g., high charge/discharge efficiency, high energy density, low cost per unit capacity, long cycle(More)
Organic light emitting diode (OLED) display is a self-illuminating device that is supposed to be more power efficient than liquid crystal display (LCD). However, OLED display panels consume as much power as LCD panels due to total internal reflection. As the power consumption of the OLED panel depends on the pixel colors, most of the earlier power saving(More)
Electrical energy is a high quality form of energy that can be easily converted to other forms of energy with high efficiency and, even more importantly, it can be used to control lower grades of energy quality with ease. However, building a cost-effective electrical energy storage (EES) system is a challenging task despite steady advances in the design and(More)
It is important to maintain high efficiency when charging electrical energy storage elements so as to achieve holistic optimization from an energy generation source (e.g., a solar cell array) to an energy storage element (e.g., a supercapacitor bank). Previous maximum power point tracking (MPPT) methods do not consider the fact that efficiency of the(More)
—Smart grid environments require high standard of reliable transmission technologies to support various types of electrical services and applications. This paper recommends the utilization of IEEE 802.11s based Wireless LAN Mesh Networks as the high-speed backbone networks for smart grid infrastructure. 802.11s based mesh networks can provide high(More)