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BACKGROUND Malassezia species (spp.) are cutaneous opportunistic pathogens and associated with various dermatological diseases including seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff and atopic dermatitis. Almost all Malassezia spp. are obligatorily lipid-dependent, which might be caused by lack of the myristic acid synthesis. Recent genome analysis of M. restricta and(More)
In Escherichia coli, 6S RNA functions as a modulator of RNA polymerase sigma70-holoenzyme activity, but its biosynthetic pathway remains uncharacterized. In this study, to further understand the regulatory circuit of 6S RNA biosynthesis for the modulation of Esigma70 activity, we have characterized the biogenesis of 6S RNA. We reveal that there are two(More)
Onconase (ONC) is currently in Phase III clinical trials as a cancer chemotherapeutic agent. Despite the finding that ONC contains an N-linked glycosylation site (-N69-V70-T71-), only the non-glycosylated form of the protein has been identified to date. We employed the Pichia pastoris expression system to produce recombinant glycosylated ONC (gONC) protein.(More)
Five Sib antitoxin RNAs, members of a family of cis-encoded small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) in Escherichia coli, repress their target mRNAs, which encode Ibs toxins. This target repression occurs only between cognate sRNA-mRNA pairs with an exception of ibsA. We performed co-transformation assays to assess the ability of SibC derivatives to repress ibsC(More)
Success of workload prediction, which is critical in achieving low energy consumption via dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS), depends on the accuracy of modeling the major sources of workload variation. Among them, memory stall time, whose variation is significant especially in case of memory-bound applications, has been mostly neglected or(More)
Escherichia coli and related enteric bacteria can survive under extreme acid stress condition at least for several hours. RpoS is a key factor for acid stress management in many enterobacteria. Although three rpoS-activating sRNAs, DsrA, RprA, and ArcZ, have been identified in E. coli, it remains unclear how these small RNA molecules participate in pathways(More)
An artificial small RNA (afsRNA) scaffold was designed from an Escherichia coli sRNA, SibC. Using the lacZ reporter system, the gene silencing effects of afsRNAs were examined to explore the sRNA-mediated gene-silencing mechanisms in E. coli. Substitution of the original target recognition sequence with a new sequence recognizing lacZ mRNA led to effective(More)
Poly(A) polymerase (PAP), which adds poly(A) tails to the 3' end of mRNA, can be phosphorylated at several sites in the C-terminal domain. Phosphorylation often mediates regulation by extracellular stimuli, suggesting PAP may be regulated by such stimuli. In this study, we found that phosphorylation of PAP was increased upon growth stimulation and that the(More)
Here, we report a resistance mechanism that is induced through the modulation of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) processing on the exposure of Escherichia coli cells to aminoglycoside antibiotics. We observed decreased expression levels of RNase G associated with increased RNase III activity on rng mRNA in a subgroup of E. coli isolates that transiently acquired(More)