Younghoon Lee

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Escherichia coli and related enteric bacteria can survive under extreme acid stress condition at least for several hours. RpoS is a key factor for acid stress management in many enterobacteria. Although three rpoS-activating sRNAs, DsrA, RprA, and ArcZ, have been identified in E. coli, it remains unclear how these small RNA molecules participate in pathways(More)
Cnu is a nucleoid protein that has a high degree of sequence homology with Hha/YmoA family proteins, which bind to chromatin and regulate the expression of Escherichia coli virulence genes in response to changes in temperature or ionic strength. Here, we determined its solution structure and dynamic properties and mapped H-NS binding sites. Cnu consists of(More)
LIN28-mediated processing of the microRNA (miRNA) let-7 has emerged as a multilevel program that controls self-renewal in embryonic stem cells. LIN28A is believed to act primarily in the cytoplasm together with TUT4/7 to prevent final maturation of let-7 by Dicer, whereas LIN28B has been suggested to preferentially act on nuclear processing of let-7. Here,(More)
The antifungal mechanism of a 20-mer peptide, Ib-AMP1, derived from Impatiens balsamina was investigated. The oxidized (disulfide bridged) Ib-AMP1 showed a 4-fold increase in antifungal activity against Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans than reduced (non-disulfide bridged) Ib-AMP1. Ib-AMP1 had very low activity for phospholipid disruption when(More)
In Escherichia coli, 6S RNA functions as a modulator of RNA polymerase sigma70-holoenzyme activity, but its biosynthetic pathway remains uncharacterized. In this study, to further understand the regulatory circuit of 6S RNA biosynthesis for the modulation of Esigma70 activity, we have characterized the biogenesis of 6S RNA. We reveal that there are two(More)
MhpE (4-hydroxy-2-ketovalerate aldolase) and MhpF [acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (acylating)] are responsible for the last two reactions in the 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionate (3-HPP) catabolic pathway in Escherichia coli, which is homologous to the meta-cleavage pathway in Pseudomonas species. Here, we report that the MhpE aldolase is associated with the MhpF(More)
BACKGROUND Malassezia species (spp.) are cutaneous opportunistic pathogens and associated with various dermatological diseases including seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff and atopic dermatitis. Almost all Malassezia spp. are obligatorily lipid-dependent, which might be caused by lack of the myristic acid synthesis. Recent genome analysis of M. restricta and(More)
Five Sib antitoxin RNAs, members of a family of cis-encoded small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) in Escherichia coli, repress their target mRNAs, which encode Ibs toxins. This target repression occurs only between cognate sRNA-mRNA pairs with an exception of ibsA. We performed co-transformation assays to assess the ability of SibC derivatives to repress ibsC(More)
An artificial small RNA (afsRNA) scaffold was designed from an Escherichia coli sRNA, SibC. Using the lacZ reporter system, the gene silencing effects of afsRNAs were examined to explore the sRNA-mediated gene-silencing mechanisms in E. coli. Substitution of the original target recognition sequence with a new sequence recognizing lacZ mRNA led to effective(More)
A simultaneous multiple solid-phase microextraction-single shot-gas chromatography mass spectrometry (smSPME-ss-GC/MS) method has been developed for headspace analysis. Up to four fibers (50/30 μm DVB/CAR/PDMS) were used simultaneously for the extraction of aroma components from the headspace of a single sample chamber in order to increase sensitivity of(More)