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BACKGROUND Malassezia species (spp.) are cutaneous opportunistic pathogens and associated with various dermatological diseases including seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff and atopic dermatitis. Almost all Malassezia spp. are obligatorily lipid-dependent, which might be caused by lack of the myristic acid synthesis. Recent genome analysis of M. restricta and(More)
Cnu is a nucleoid protein that has a high degree of sequence homology with Hha/YmoA family proteins, which bind to chromatin and regulate the expression of Escherichia coli virulence genes in response to changes in temperature or ionic strength. Here, we determined its solution structure and dynamic properties and mapped H-NS binding sites. Cnu consists of(More)
MhpE (4-hydroxy-2-ketovalerate aldolase) and MhpF [acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (acylating)] are responsible for the last two reactions in the 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionate (3-HPP) catabolic pathway in Escherichia coli, which is homologous to the meta-cleavage pathway in Pseudomonas species. Here, we report that the MhpE aldolase is associated with the MhpF(More)
Five Sib antitoxin RNAs, members of a family of cis-encoded small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) in Escherichia coli, repress their target mRNAs, which encode Ibs toxins. This target repression occurs only between cognate sRNA-mRNA pairs with an exception of ibsA. We performed co-transformation assays to assess the ability of SibC derivatives to repress ibsC(More)
Salmonella pathogenicity island 2 (SPI2) encodes a type III secretion system (TTSS) necessary for bacterial survival and replication in intracellular environment of host cells. SPI2 genes are transcribed preferentially after Salmonella enters the host cells. Transcriptional regulation of ssaG encoding the component of SPI2-TTSS apparatus was studied in vivo(More)
RNase III, a double-stranded RNA-specific endoribonuclease, degrades bdm mRNA via cleavage at specific sites. To better understand the mechanism of cleavage site selection by RNase III, we performed a genetic screen for sequences containing mutations at the bdm RNA cleavage sites that resulted in altered mRNA stability using a transcriptional bdm'-'cat(More)
In Escherichia coli, the corA gene encodes a transporter that mediates the influx of Co(2+), Mg(2+), and Ni(2+) into the cell. During the course of experiments aimed at identifying RNase III-dependent genes in E. coli, we observed that steady-state levels of corA mRNA as well as the degree of cobalt influx into the cell were dependent on cellular(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) is an important small RNA which regulates diverse gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. miRNAs are considered as important biomarkers since abnormal expression of specific miRNAs is associated with many diseases including cancer and diabetes. Therefore, it is important to develop biosensors to quantitatively detect miRNA(More)
Here, we report a resistance mechanism that is induced through the modulation of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) processing on the exposure of Escherichia coli cells to aminoglycoside antibiotics. We observed decreased expression levels of RNase G associated with increased RNase III activity on rng mRNA in a subgroup of E. coli isolates that transiently acquired(More)
While identifying genes regulated by ribonuclease III (RNase III) in Escherichia coli, we observed that steady-state levels of betT mRNA, which encodes a transporter mediating the influx of choline, are dependent on cellular concentrations of RNase III. In the present study, we also observed that steady-state levels of betT mRNA are dependent on RNase III(More)