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Aggregation and cytotoxicity of misfolded alpha-synuclein is postulated to be crucial in the disease process of neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease and DLB (dementia with Lewy bodies). In this study, we detected misfolded and aggregated alpha-synuclein in a Triton X-100 insoluble fraction as well as a high molecular weight product by gel(More)
Mutations within the Abeta sequence of the AbetaPP gene are associated with familial forms of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). One mutation, Abeta D23N, was identified in a family in Iowa with a clinical history of early-onset dementia. We analyzed the pattern of Abeta deposition in the hippocampus of an individual with Iowa CAA. In addition to strong(More)
Geldanamycin (GA) is a naturally occurring benzoquinone ansamycin that induces heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70). GA has been shown to reduce alpha-synuclein induced neurotoxicity in a fly model of Parkinson's disease. We have previously shown that heat shock proteins can prevent alpha-synuclein aggregation and protect against alpha-synuclein induced toxicity(More)
Alpha-synuclein is a major component of Lewy bodies, the pathological hallmark of Parkinson disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and related disorders. Misfolding and aggregation of alpha-synuclein is thought to be a critical cofactor in the pathogenesis of certain neurodegenerative diseases. In the current study, we investigate the role of the carboxyl(More)
α-Synuclein is a major constituent of Lewy bodies, the fibrillar aggregates that form within neurons in Parkinson’s disease and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Recent biochemical data show that α-synuclein accumulates in Parkinson’s disease in a detergent insoluble form. We now examine the relationship between detergent insoluble α-synuclein and the(More)
Alpha-synuclein is a major constituent of Lewy bodies, the fibrillar aggregates that form within neurons in Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Recent biochemical data show that alpha-synuclein accumulates in Parkinson's disease in a detergent insoluble form. We now examine the relationship between detergent insoluble alpha-synuclein(More)
alpha-Synuclein aggregation and toxicity play a major role in Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Hsp70 is a multipurpose stress response chaperone protein that mediates both refolding and degradation of misfolded proteins. We have shown that Hsp70 is able to block both alpha-synuclein toxicity and aggregation. Here we introduce a mutation(More)
The authors searched for mutations in the beta-amyloid precursor protein in a Spanish family with a hereditary syndrome of hemorrhagic stroke, dementia, leukoencephalopathy, and occipital calcifications. DNA from two affected members demonstrated the Iowa amyloid precursor protein mutation previously identified as a cause of severe amyloid angiopathy(More)
Disease-associated gene polymorphisms provide both scientific insight into pathophysiological mechanisms and clinical information regarding risk and progression. Of special interest is the epsilon4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene, which has emerged as a substantial risk factor for late-onset forms of Alzheimer disease and also influences the risk of(More)
Vascular dysfunction due to cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) may contribute to cognitive impairment. The Iowa D694N amyloid precursor protein mutation, a recently identified cause of hereditary CAA with dementia, offers an opportunity to explore the anatomic basis of CAA-related vascular dysfunction. Examination by immunolabeling and confocal microscopy(More)