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The aim of this study is to examine the effects of treatment with varenicline, a partial agonist at the α4β2 and full agonist at the α7 nicotine acetylcholine receptor, on cognitive impairments in people with schizophrenia. In all, 120 clinically stable people with schizophrenia participated in randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 8-week trial.(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperprolactinemia and associated side effects often occur with antipsychotics. The authors investigated the effect of adjunctive treatment with aripiprazole on hyperprolactinemia and psychopathology in patients with schizophrenia maintained with haloperidol. METHOD Fifty-six patients with hyperprolactinemia taking haloperidol were enrolled.(More)
OBJECTIVES Smoking is more common among patients with schizophrenia than it is in the general population. Varenicline, a partial and full agonist at the α4β2 and α7 nicotine acetylcholine receptors, respectively, has been shown to be an effective anti-smoking treatment. This study examined the effects of varenicline treatment on smoking reduction in(More)
OBJECTIVES Cognitive dysfunction is a core feature of schizophrenia; deficits often manifest prior to diagnosis and persist throughout the course of the illness. This study was performed to assess the difference in cognitive function and daily living skills between the early- and late-stage schizophrenia. METHODS Fifty-five clinically stable patients with(More)
Competitive adsorption isotherms of Cu(II), Pb(II), and Cd(II) were examined on a magnetic graphene oxide (GO), multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and powered activated carbon (PAC). A series of analyses confirmed the successful synthesis of the magnetic GO based on a simple ultrasonification method. Irrespective of the adsorbents, the adsorption was(More)
Enhancement of the production yield of boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) with high purity was achieved using an amorphous boron-based precursor and a nozzle-type reactor. Use of a mixture of amorphous boron and Fe decreases the milling time for the preparation of the precursor for BNNTs synthesis, as well as the Fe impurity contained in the B/Fe interdiffused(More)
We evaluated cortisol response to buspirone in extended abstinent alcoholic patients to determine 5-HT1A receptor sensitivity in alcoholism. Alcoholic patients were inpatients with an extended abstinent period of at least 3 months. Alcoholics had a significantly lower cortisol level than did the normal controls from 60 min through to 150 min after(More)
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