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Cellular redox control is often mediated by oxidation and reduction of cysteine residues in the redox-sensitive proteins, where thioredoxin and glutaredoxin (Grx) play as electron donors for the oxidized proteins. Despite the importance of protein-protein interactions between the electron donor and acceptor proteins, there has been no structural information(More)
Induction of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is particularly important for the invasiveness of breast cancers. We investigated the inhibitory effect of kalopanaxsaponin A (KPS-A) on cell invasion and MMP-9 activation in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-treated MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. KPS-A inhibited PMA-induced cell proliferation and(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a critical role in determining the differentiation fate of pluripotent stem cells and germ cells in mammals. However, the mechanism(s) of miRNA-mediated posttranscriptional regulation with regard to lineage specification and differentiation in chick development require further investigation. Therefore, we conducted miRNA expression(More)
Silibinin, the flavonoid found in the milk thistle, has been shown to suppress cell growth and exhibit anti-cancer effects. Some flavonoids were reported to inhibit angiogenesis which is essential for tumor growth and metastasis. In this study, to clarify the underlying mechanisms for the anti-cancer effect of silibinin, we examined the effects of silibinin(More)
Recent studies have suggested that the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) directly correlates with the vascularity of human gastric carcinomas. In this study, the effect of IL-1beta on IL-8 expression in human gastric cancer TMK-1 cells and the underlying signal transduction pathways were investigated. IL-1beta induced the IL-8 expression in a time- and(More)
UNLABELLED Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a highly effective treatment for refractoryClostridium difficileinfections. However, concerns persist about unwanted cotransfer of pathogenic microbes such as viruses. Here we studed FMT from a single healthy human donor to three pediatric ulcerative colitis patients, each of whom received a course of 22(More)
Using small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering (SAXS/SANS), in combination with analytical centrifugation and light scattering, we have determined the solution properties of PFV IN alone and its synaptic complex with processed U5 viral DNA and related these properties to models derived from available crystal structures. PFV IN is a monomer in solution, and(More)
UNLABELLED The genomic DNAs of tailed bacteriophages are commonly modified by the attachment of chemical groups. Some forms of DNA modification are known to protect phage DNA from cleavage by restriction enzymes, but others are of unknown function. Recently, the CRISPR-Cas nuclease complexes were shown to mediate bacterial adaptive immunity by RNA-guided(More)
Overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) has been known to correlate closely with tumor cell invasion and strategies to down-regulate their expression may ultimately be of clinical utility. In this study, we investigated the effects of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major green tea catechin, on the cell invasiveness and MMP-9 induction in(More)
Buddlejasaponin IV (BS-IV), a major component of Pleurospermum kamtschaticum, exerts antiinflammatory and cytotoxic effects against cancer cells. The study investigated whether BS-IV could prevent oral carcinogenesis by inhibiting the growth of immortalized human oral keratinocytes (IHOKs). BS-IV reduced cell viability and induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M(More)