Young Ro Kim

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We studied the spatio-temporal characteristics of the resting state low-frequency fluctuations in fMRI-BOLD signal in isoflurane-anesthetized rats. fMRI-BOLD measurements at 9.4 T were made during normal and exsanguinated condition previously known to alter cerebral blood flow (CBF) fluctuations in anesthetized rats. fMRI signal time series were low pass(More)
Understanding cerebrovascular responses to hyperoxia and hypercapnia is important for investigating exogenous regulation of cerebral hemodynamics. We characterized gas-induced vascular changes in the brains of anesthetized healthy rats using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) while the rats inhaled 100% O(2) (hyperoxia) and 5% CO(2) (hypercapnia). We used(More)
Relative to common clinical magnetic field strengths, higher fields benefit functional brain imaging both by providing additional signal for high-resolution applications and by improving the sensitivity of endogenous contrast due to the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) mechanism, which has limited detection power at low magnetic fields relative to the(More)
Nicotine is one of the most addictive substances known. To better understand the mechanisms of action, we mapped the regional brain response to nicotine administration using pharmacologic magnetic resonance imaging (phMRI) in rats. We measured the regional response of relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) in rats to a challenge of 0.07 mg/kg (0.43(More)
Precise methylation methods for various chemical forms of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which minimize the formation of t,t isomers and allylmethoxy derivatives (AMD) with the completion of methylation, were developed using a 50 mg lipid sample, 3 mL of 1.0 N H(2)SO(4)/methanol, and/or 3 mL of 20% tetramethylguanidine (TMG)/methanol solution(s). Free CLA(More)
Familial hemiplegic migraine type 1, a monogenic migraine variant with aura, is linked to gain-of-function mutations in the CACNA1A gene encoding Ca(V)2.1 channels. The S218L mutation causes severe channel dysfunction, and paroxysmal migraine attacks can be accompanied by seizures, coma, and hemiplegia; patients expressing the R192Q mutation exhibit(More)
To circumvent the limitations of using postmortem brain in molecular assays, we used avidin-biotin binding to couple superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) (15-20 nm) to phosphorothioate-modified oligodeoxynucleotides (sODNs) with sequence complementary to c-fos and beta-actin mRNA (SPION-cfos and SPION-beta-actin, respectively) (14-22 nm). The(More)
Detailed 3D mouse brain images may promote better understanding of phenotypical differences between normal and transgenic/mutant mouse models. Previously, a number of magnetic resonance microscopy (MRM) studies have successfully established brain atlases, revealing genotypic traits of several commonly used mouse strains. In such studies, MR contrast agents,(More)
MRI biomarkers of tumor edema, vascular permeability, blood volume, and average vessel caliber are increasingly being employed to assess the efficacy of tumor therapies. However, the dependence of these biomarkers on a number of physiological factors can compromise their sensitivity and complicate the assessment of therapeutic efficacy. Here we examine the(More)
PURPOSE To compare and contrast the pattern and characteristics of the cerebral blood volume (CBV) response to ethanol (EtOH) in rats under awake and anesthetized conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Acute EtOH (0.75 g/kg) challenge-induced CBV changes were measured using a contrast-enhanced functional MRI CBV method in 15 male Sprague Dawley rats under(More)