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OBJECTIVES In this study, we demonstrated that TBEV-infected ticks have been distributed in the ROK, combined with our previous results. These results suggest that TBEV may exist in the ROK, and H. longicornis, H. flava, and I. nipponensis may be potential vectors of TBEV. In addition, these results emphasize the need for further epidemiological research of(More)
Prion diseases, also called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), lead to neurological dysfunction in animals and are fatal. Infectious prion proteins are causative agents of many mammalian TSEs, including scrapie (in sheep), chronic wasting disease (in deer and elk), bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE; in cattle), and Creutzfeldt-Jakob(More)
The prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) in southern Korea was determined by collecting ticks using tick drags. A total of 4,077 of 6,788 ticks collected were pooled (649 pools) according to collection site, species, and developmental stage and assayed for TBEV. The TBEV protein E and NS5 gene fragments were detected using RT-nested PCR in six(More)
To determine whether the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is present in vector ticks and mammalian hosts in Korea, we examined two tick species, Haemaphysalis longicornis (n = 548) and Ixodes nipponensis (n = 87), and the lungs or spleens of rodents Apodemus agrarius (n = 24) and wild boars (n = 16). Tick-borne encephalitis virus was detected in samples(More)
We have determined the complete nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) strain K87P39, isolated from a pool of circulating Culex tritaeniorhynchus mosquitoes in Korea. In comparison with 27 fully sequenced JEV genomes currently available, we found that the 10968-nucleotide RNA genome of K87P39 has a(More)
Human prion protein gene (PRNP) has been considered to be involved in the susceptibility of humans to prion diseases. Polymorphisms of methionine (Met)/valine (Val) at codon 129 and of glutamic acid (Glu)/lysine (Lys) at codon 219 are thought to play an important role in susceptibility to sporadic, iatrogenic and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD).(More)
A novel nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)-based kit is described for detecting Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), especially for genotype 1 and 3 strains. The assay consists of a first round RT-PCR and a subsequent nested PCR amplification. It has unique features such as the use of a premix system in which all reagents are(More)
As noted in other flaviviruses, the envelope (E) protein of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) interacts with a cellular receptor and mediates membrane fusion to allow viral entry into target cells, thus eliciting neutralizing antibody response. The formation of the flavivirus prM/E complex is followed by the cleavage of precursor membrane (prM) and membrane(More)
We sequenced the envelope (E) gene of 17 strains of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) isolated in South Korea in 1983-2005 and compared the sequences with those from previously reported strains. Our results show the remarkable genetic stability of the E gene sequence in Korean JEV strains. Five pairs of E gene sequences from 10 Korean strains were(More)
We determined the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of the complete envelope (E) protein gene of the five tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) strains KrM 93, KrM 213, KrM 215, KrM 216, and KrM 219, isolated from wild rodents in South Korea. We analyzed genetic variability within the isolates and compared them with 13 other TBEV strains. The(More)