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BACKGROUND Bladder dysfunction induced by spinal cord injury (SCI) can become problematic and severely impair the quality of life. Preclinical studies of spinal cord injury have largely focused on the recovery of limb function while neglecting to investigate bladder recovery. OBJECTIVE The present study was performed to investigate and review the effect(More)
BACKGROUND Smartphone-based assessment may be a useful diagnostic and monitoring tool for patients. There have been many attempts to create a smartphone diagnostic tool for clinical use in various medical fields but few have demonstrated scientific validity. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to develop a smartphone application of the International(More)
In this paper, we consider time-varying multi-server queues with abandonment and retrials. For their performance analysis, fluid and diffusion limits utilizing strong approximations have been widely used in the literature. Although those limits are asymptotically exact, they may not accurately approximate performance of multi-server queues even if the(More)
— In this paper we consider a distributed peer-based system with a centralized controller responsible for managing the peers. For this system customers request large volumes of information such as video clips which instead of retrieving from a centralized repository of a parent organization are obtained from peers that possess the clips. Peers act as(More)
Data centers consume a phenomenal amount of energy which can be significantly reduced by appropriately allocating resources using technologies such as virtualization, speed scaling and powering off servers. We propose a unified methodology that combines these technologies under a single framework to efficiently operate data centers. In particular, we(More)
PURPOSE This study attempted to overcome the limitations of previous systematic reviews to determine the overall treatment efficacy and safety of prostatic arterial embolization compared with standard therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Meta-analyses were done of randomized, controlled and single group trials. Meta-regression analysis of the moderator effect(More)
BACKGROUND There is still controversy as to whether initial combination treatment is superior to serial addition of anticholinergics after maintenance or induction of alpha blockers in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)/lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine the benefits and safety of initial(More)
The adequacy of the urologist work force in Korea has never been investigated. This study investigated the geographic distribution of urologists in Korea. County level data from the National Health Insurance Service and National Statistical Office was analyzed in this ecological study. Urologist density was defined by the number of urologists per 100,000(More)