Learn More
Idiopathic hypertrophic spinal pachymeningitis (IHSP) is a rare inflammatory disease characterized by hypertrophic inflammation of the dura mater and various clinical courses that are from myelopathy. Although many associated diseases have been suggested, the etiology of IHSP is not well understood. The ideal treatment is controversial. In the first case, a(More)
Cyanobacteria combine the photosynthetic and respiratory electron transport in one membrane system, the thylakoid membrane. This feature requires an elaborate regulation mechanism to maintain a certain redox status of the electron transport chain, hence allowing proper photosynthetic and respiratory energy metabolism. In this context, metabolic adaptations,(More)
The proteome of a HUPO human serum reference sample was analyzed using multidimensional separation techniques at both the protein and the peptide levels. To eliminate false-positive identifications from the search results, we employed a data filtering method using molecular weight (MW) correlations derived from denaturing 1-DE. First, the six most abundant(More)
We performed comparative proteomic analyses in order to understand the physiological responses of ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) to high light (HL). As a first step, we analyzed the proteins expressed in ginseng leaves. Proteins extracted from leaves were separated by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Protein spots were identified by(More)
The Human Proteome Organisation (HUPO) initiated several projects focusing on the proteome analysis of distinct human organs. The Brain Proteome Project (BPP) is the initiative dedicated to the brain, its development and correlated diseases. Two pilot studies have been performed aiming at the comparison of techniques, laboratories and approaches. With the(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have long been considered as potent molecules promoting neuronal cell death and contributing to neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we demonstrate that AGE-albumin, the most abundant AGE product in human AD brains, is synthesized in activated microglial cells and secreted into(More)
In our initial attempt to analyze the human brain proteome, we applied multi-dimensional protein separation and identification techniques using a combination of sample fractionation, 1-D SDS-PAGE, and MS analysis. The complexity of human brain proteome requires multiple fractionation strategies to extend the range and total number of proteins identified.(More)
In shotgun proteomics, proteins can be fractionated by 1-D gel electrophoresis and digested into peptides, followed by liquid chromatography to separate the peptide mixture. Mass spectrometry generates hundreds of thousands of tandem mass spectra from these fractions, and proteins are identified by database searching. However, the search scores are usually(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive memory loss accompanied by synaptic and neuronal degeneration. Although research has shown that substantial neurodegeneration occurs even during the early stages of AD, the detailed mechanisms of AD pathogenesis are largely unknown because of difficulties in diagnosis and limitations of the analytical(More)
Although many reports have been published regarding the pharmacological effects of ginseng, little is known about the biochemical pathways operant in ginsenoside biosynthesis, or the genes involved therein. Proteomics analysis is an approach to elucidate the physiological characteristics and biosynthetic pathways of ginsenosides, main components of ginseng.(More)