Learn More
A phylogenetic analysis, using the open reading frame I sequence of 93 TT viruses (TTV) obtained from various geographical areas, indicated that the virus could be classified into six different genotypes including three hitherto unreported genotypes. The high reliability of the six clusters was confirmed by bootstrap analysis. On the basis of these sequence(More)
Our previous works have demonstrated that fast atom bombardment tandem mass spectrometry can be a valuable tool in determining the complete structure of glycoglycerolipids and glycerophospholipids. Collision-induced dissociation of sodium-adducted molecular ions ([M + Na]+ or [M - H + 2Na]+) generates diverse product ions informative on the double-bond(More)
We analysed the effects of age and gender on the habitual sleep-wake rhythm in 2252 randomly selected subjects living in Shimonoseki, Japan. Subjects were divided into 21 age groups with a matching number of males and females for each. During the period from primary school to adolescence, the bedtime became delayed and sleep length decreased with age. After(More)
Using a computerized videomicroscope motion analysis system, we investigated the photomovements of two Synechocystis sp. (PCC 6803 and ATCC 27184). Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 displays a relatively slow gliding motion. The phototactic and photokinetic speeds of this cyanobacterium in liquid media were 5 microns/min and 15.8 microns/min, respectively, at 3(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been suggested to be associated with carcinogenesis. In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the expression pattern of COX-2 protein has been well correlated with the differentiation grade, suggesting that abnormal COX-2 expression plays an important role in hepatocarcinogenesis. We investigated the expression pattern and clinical(More)
It is well known that various cytokines and growth factors secreted from macrophages/monocytes play the key role in the pathogenesis of pneumoconiosis. These can act as biosensors for the prediction of pneumoconiosis. To evaluate which cytokines can be used as sensitive biomarkers in pneumoconiosis, we measured tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha),(More)
Two novel type I catechol 1,2-dioxygenases inducible on aniline media were isolated from Acinetobacter lwoffii K24. Although the two purified enzymes, CD I1 and CD I2, had similar intradiol cleavage activities, they showed different substrate specificities for catechol analogs, physicochemical properties, and amino acid sequences. Two catA genes, catA1 and(More)
Cigarette smoke is known to contain high concentrations of free radicals and oxidants. To examine the oxidative effect of cigarette smoking, we subjected rats to inhalation of cigarette smoke, and measured cellular free glutathione, the degree of protein S-thiolation, and 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (oxo8dG) in DNA. Inhalation of the cigarette smoke for 30(More)
2- or 6-(1-hydroxyiminoalkyl)-5,8-dimethoxy-1, 4-naphthoquinone(2- or 6-hyim-DMNQ) derived from the roots of Lithospermum erythrorhizon was synthesized for the evaluation of antitumor activities. Among those derivatives, 2-hyim-DMNQ-S33 was found to be a potent anticancer agent. This compound suppressed the proliferation of Radiation Induced Fibrosarcoma(More)
Previously we and others have demonstrated that oxidative stress involving generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is responsible for the cytotoxic action of TNF alpha. Protective effect of small heat shock proteins (HSP) against diverse oxidative stress conditions has been suggested. Although overexpression of small HSP was shown to provide an enhanced(More)