Young Mi Whang

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AbstractThe tumor suppressor gene, TP53, is located on chromosome 17p13.1 and is critical for DNA repair, cell-cycle control, and apoptosis. TP53 also plays a crucial function in the tumorigenesis of lung cancer. Inactivation of TP53 via genetic alterations such as missense mutations is often associated with lung cancer. In this study, potential association(More)
Some oncogenes, such as activated Ras, cause the malignant transformation of lung cells. c-Jun-NH2-kinase (JNK) activation is essential for the oncogenic function of these cells. In this study, we show that RASSF1A inhibits the growth of lung cancer cells by blocking the JNK pathway. The exogenous expression of RASSF1A suppressed JNK phosphorylation, and(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is a putative tumor suppressor and inhibits the mitogenic and antiapoptotic activity of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) by blocking the binding to its receptors or by IGF-independent manner. Epidemiological studies have suggested that serum level of IGFBP-3 is associated with lung cancer risk. The(More)
Wnt5a is overexpressed during the progression of human non-small cell lung cancer. However, the roles of Wnt5a during smoking-related lung carcinogenesis have not been clearly elucidated. We investigated the associations between Wnt5a and the early development of cigarette smoke related lung cancer using human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells (NHBE,(More)
The tumor suppressor serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11 or LKB1) is mutated in 20–30% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Loss of LKB1-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling confers sensitivity to metabolic inhibition or stress-induced mitochondrial insults. We tested the hypothesis that loss of LKB1 sensitizes(More)
Overexpression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3 induces apoptosis of cancer cells. However, preexisting resistance to IGFBP-3 could limit its antitumor activities. This study characterizes the efficacy and mechanism of the combination of recombinant IGFBP-3 (rIGFBP-3) and HDAC inhibitors to overcome IGFBP-3 resistance in a subset of(More)
Docetaxel is one of the most commonly used chemotherapeutic agents in breast cancer. To avert from significant toxicities with no clinical benefit, identification of predictive markers for response is one of the most important unsolved clinical needs. Therefore, the potential associations of RASSF1A hypermethylation and(More)
BACKGROUND A Phase II study was performed to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of paclitaxel and ifosfamide chemotherapy for the treatment of anthracycline-resistant metastatic breast carcinoma (MBC). METHODS Recurrent or progressed MBC within 12 months after anthracycline-based chemotherapy was defined as anthracycline-resistant. A 24-hour(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-dependent and -independent antitumor activities of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) have been proposed in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. However, the mechanism underlying regulation of IGFBP-3 expression in NSCLC cells is not well understood. In this study, we show that activation of(More)
The growth inhibitory effects of four retinoic acid (RA) derivatives, 9-cis RA, 13-cis RA, N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4-HPR), and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) were compared. In addition, the effects of various combinations of these four agents were examined on non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cell-lines, and on the expressions of retinoic acid(More)