Young Mi Kim

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Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is enriched in ascites of ovarian cancer patients and is involved in growth and invasion of ovarian cancer cells. Accumulating evidence suggests cancer-associated myofibroblasts play a pivotal role in tumorigenesis through secreting stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1). In the present study, we demonstrate that LPA induces(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is involved in the development of cardiovascular disease and vascular remodeling. In this study, we demonstrate that treatment of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) with Ang II increased the expression of smooth muscle-specific genes, including alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), calponin, h-caldesmon,(More)
The endothelial-derived relaxing factor, nitric oxide (NO.) has been shown to depress force in smooth and cardiac muscles through the activation of guanylyl cyclase and an increase in cGMP. In fast skeletal muscle, NO (i.e. NO-related compounds) elicits a modest decrease in developed force, but in contracting muscles NO increases force by a mechanism(More)
Thromboxane A(2) (TxA(2)) is involved in smooth muscle contraction and atherosclerotic vascular diseases. Accumulating evidence suggests a pivotal role for mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vascular remodeling. In the present study, we demonstrate for the first time that the TxA(2) mimetic U46619 induces differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived MSCs(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can differentiate into diverse cell types including adipogenic, osteogenic, chondrogenic and myogenic lineages. In the present study, we demonstrated for the first time that sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) induces differentiation of human adipose-tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hATSCs) to smooth-muscle-like cell types.(More)
In previous reports, a novel colon-specific prodrug, 5-aminosalicyltaurine (5-ASA-Tau) administered orally, is successfully delivered to and liberates 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) and taurine in the inflamed large intestine of rats. Furthermore, the prodrug ameliorates the 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene-sulfonic acid-induced colitis, and taurine acts not only as a(More)
Oxidative stress by exposure to H(2)O(2) induces various types of cell death depending on cell type and conditions. We report herein on a study of the mechanisms underlying H(2)O(2)-induced cell death in C6 glioma cells. The findings show that H(2)O(2) triggers a caspase-independent autophagic cell death in these cells. The findings also show that H(2)O(2)(More)
Sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) induces differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) to smooth muscle cells (SMCs). In the present study, we characterized contractile and ion channel properties of SMCs differentiated from hADSCs (hADSC-SMCs) as a result of SPC treatment, and we investigated the molecular mechanisms(More)
Sauchinone, as an AMP-activated kinase (AMPK)-activating lignan in Saururus chinensis, has been shown to prevent iron-induced oxidative stress and liver injury. Sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) plays a key role in hepatic steatosis, which promotes oxidative stress in obese subjects. Previously, we identified the role of AMPK in liver(More)
The estrogen receptor (ER) is a hormone-dependent transcription factor that belongs to the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor superfamily. Since the ER contributes to development and progression in human breast cancer, a number of studies have explored ways to inactivate this receptor. Previous studies have suggested that the 90-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp90)(More)