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HUPO initiated the Plasma Proteome Project (PPP) in 2002. Its pilot phase has (1) evaluated advantages and limitations of many depletion, fractionation, and MS technology platforms; (2) compared PPP reference specimens of human serum and EDTA, heparin, and citrate-anti-coagulated plasma; and (3) created a publicly-available knowledge base(More)
G-proteins, including GPA-3, play an important role in regulating physiological responses in Caenorhabditis elegans. When confronted with an environmental stimulus such as dauer pheromone, or poor nutrients, C. elegans receives and integrates external signals through its nervous system (i.e. amphid neurons), which interprets and translates them into(More)
Dauer pheromones or daumones, which are signaling molecules that interrupt development and reproduction (dauer larvae) during unfavorable growth conditions, are essential for cellular homeostasis in Caenorhabditis elegans. According to earlier studies, dauer larva formation in strain N2 is enhanced by a temperature increase, suggesting the involvement of a(More)
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) is currently the method of choice for separating complex mixtures of proteins for visual comparison in proteome analysis. This technology, however, is biased against certain classes of proteins including low abundance and hydrophobic proteins. Proteins with extremely alkaline isoelectric points (pI) are often very(More)
We investigated the effects of cholesterol starvation on Caenorhabditis elegans development at both embryonic and post-embryonic stages by examining brood size, embryonic lethality, growth rate, and worm size. The brood sizes of worms grown without cholesterol were substantially reduced in subsequent generations as compared to the control group with(More)
To investigate a molecular basis for iron depletion in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 19 cases of HCC were analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). Results were compared with those of paired adjacent nontumorous liver tissues. Comparative analysis of the respective(More)
Mass spectrometric peptide mapping of proteins separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis can be routinely performed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) which has become a standard tool. Since MALDI-MS detection relies heavily on the quality of the MALDI target, development of an efficient sample preparation(More)
The senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM) is a useful animal model to study aging or age-associated disorders due to its inherited aging phenotype. To investigate proteins involved in the aging process in liver, we compared the young (4- or 20-week old) and the aged group (50-week-old) of SAMP8 (short life span) and SAMR1 (control) mice, and identified 85(More)
Cell migration is a prerequisite for cancer invasion and metastasis, suggesting cell motility as a potential therapeutic target for cancer treatment. A synthetic library was screened to identify inhibitors of tumor cell migration. From this, we discovered that CAC-1098 (aurintricarboxylic acid) and CBI-0997 (5-(2,4-dimethoxy-5-ethylphenyl)-4-(4-bromophenyl)(More)
1065 present, are often not perfectly predictive in up to 30% of patients. This is likely caused by modifier genes elsewhere in the genome, which can now be more easily identified and used to increase predictive precision. The results from the ENCODE project will also breathe new life into diagnostics for common, chronic, noncommunicable diseases that are(More)