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Dauer pheromones or daumones, which are signaling molecules that interrupt development and reproduction (dauer larvae) during unfavorable growth conditions, are essential for cellular homeostasis in Caenorhabditis elegans. According to earlier studies, dauer larva formation in strain N2 is enhanced by a temperature increase, suggesting the involvement of a(More)
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) is currently the method of choice for separating complex mixtures of proteins for visual comparison in proteome analysis. This technology, however, is biased against certain classes of proteins including low abundance and hydrophobic proteins. Proteins with extremely alkaline isoelectric points (pI) are often very(More)
HUPO initiated the Plasma Proteome Project (PPP) in 2002. Its pilot phase has (1) evaluated advantages and limitations of many depletion, fractionation, and MS technology platforms; (2) compared PPP reference specimens of human serum and EDTA, heparin, and citrate-anti-coagulated plasma; and (3) created a publicly-available knowledge base(More)
We investigated the effects of cholesterol starvation on Caenorhabditis elegans development at both embryonic and post-embryonic stages by examining brood size, embryonic lethality, growth rate, and worm size. The brood sizes of worms grown without cholesterol were substantially reduced in subsequent generations as compared to the control group with(More)
To investigate a molecular basis for iron depletion in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 19 cases of HCC were analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). Results were compared with those of paired adjacent nontumorous liver tissues. Comparative analysis of the respective(More)
Mass spectrometric peptide mapping of proteins separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis can be routinely performed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) which has become a standard tool. Since MALDI-MS detection relies heavily on the quality of the MALDI target, development of an efficient sample preparation(More)
The senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM) is a useful animal model to study aging or age-associated disorders due to its inherited aging phenotype. To investigate proteins involved in the aging process in liver, we compared the young (4- or 20-week old) and the aged group (50-week-old) of SAMP8 (short life span) and SAMR1 (control) mice, and identified 85(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans excretes a dauer pheromone or daumone composed of ascarylose and a fatty acid side chain, the perception of which enables worms to enter the dauer state for long-term survival in an adverse environment. During the course of elucidation of the daumone biosynthetic pathway in which DHS-28 and DAF-22 are involved in peroxisomal(More)
G-proteins, including GPA-3, play an important role in regulating physiological responses in Caenorhabditis elegans. When confronted with an environmental stimulus such as dauer pheromone, or poor nutrients, C. elegans receives and integrates external signals through its nervous system (i.e. amphid neurons), which interprets and translates them into(More)