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Alpha-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS) has been used to enhance the bioavailability of poorly absorbed drugs and as a vehicle for drug delivery systems. In response to recent reports that alpha-tocopheryl succinate (TOS) acts as an anticancer agent, we investigated whether its polyethylene glycol (PEG) conjugate, TPGS, also possesses(More)
RecQL4 belongs to a family of conserved RECQ helicases that are important in maintaining chromosomal integrity. Human patients lacking RecQL4 showed extreme sensitivity to UV and oxidation damage, suggesting that RecQL4 is involved in the damage signaling and/or repair. Here we show that human mutant cells lacking RecQL4 were defective in UV-induced S-phase(More)
A three-generation family with four patients affected by a novel mesomelic dysplasia was investigated for genome-wide DNA copy number variation profiles. This revealed a microduplication of a 1.0-Mb chromosomal segment at 2q31.1 spanning nine Homeo box D (HOXD) genes that co-segregated with the phenotype. Quantitative PCR analysis of a gene within this(More)
Mitomycin C (MMC) induces various types of DNA damages that cause significant cytotoxicity to cells. Accordingly, repair of MMC-induced damages involves multiple repair pathways such as nucleotide excision repair, homologous recombination repair and translesion bypass repair pathways. Nonetheless, repair of the MMC-induced DNA damages in mammals have not(More)
PURPOSE The potential of metastasis can be predicted from clinical features like tumor size, histologic grade, and gene expression patterns. We examined the whole-genome transcriptomic profile of a xenograft model of breast cancer to understand the characteristics of brain metastasis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Variants of the MDA-MB-435 cell were established(More)
Metnase, also known as SETMAR, is a SET and transposase fusion protein with an undefined role in mammalian DNA repair. The SET domain is responsible for histone lysine methyltransferase activity at histone 3 K4 and K36, whereas the transposase domain possesses 5'-terminal inverted repeat (TIR)-specific DNA binding, DNA looping, and DNA cleavage activities.(More)
Metnase (SETMAR) is a SET and transposase fusion protein that promotes in vivo end joining activity and mediates genomic integration of foreign DNA. Recent studies showed that Metnase retained most of the transposase activities, including 5'-terminal inverted repeat (TIR)-specific binding and assembly of a paired end complex, and cleavage of the 5'-end of(More)
We focused on the transcriptional responses induced by low and very low doses of ionizing radiation with time effect. Regardless of their importance only a few limited studies have been done. Here we applied a large-scale gene transcript profile to elucidate the genes and biological pathways. Immortalized human mesenchymal stem cells were irradiated with(More)
Sulindac sulfone (exisulind), is a promising anticancer agent because of its ability to induce apoptosis in a variety of malignant cell types and its minimal toxicity to normal cells. The induction of apoptosis is thought to account for the growth inhibitory effect of exisulind. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade has been implicated in the(More)
The production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a key proinflammatory mediator, is regulated by the availability of its substrate, arachidonic acid (AA), and the activity of the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX). Increased PGE2 production and COX-2 expression have been observed frequently in specimens from lung cancer patients. Agents that decrease PGE2 production may(More)