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Chondrogenesis in cartilage development and repair and cartilage degeneration in arthritis can be regulated by mechanical-load-induced physical factors such as tissue deformation, interstitial fluid flow and pressure, and electrical fields or streaming potentials. Previous animal and tissue explant studies have shown that time-varying dynamic tissue loading(More)
IMAGES The patient was referred to our department for appropriate therapy. Because of the metastatic potential of squamous cell carcinoma, prior to the operation, we performed a physical examination and positron emission tomography–computed tomography (PET-CT) to search for metastasis. No adjacent palpable lymph node was found in the physical examination.(More)
Previous studies have shown that static equilibrium compression of cartilage tissue in vivo and in vitro decreases chondrocyte synthesis of aggrecan molecules. In order to identify mechanisms of cellular response to loading, we have investigated alterations in cell and nucleus structure and the accompanying changes in the synthesis of aggrecan in statically(More)
PURPOSE Berberine is a type of isoquinoline alkaloid that has been used to treat various diseases. A neuroprotective effect of berberine against cerebral ischemia has been reported; however, the effects of berberine on apoptosis in relation to reactive astrogliosis and microglia activation under ischemic conditions have not yet been fully evaluated. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Isolated pure blowout fractures are clinically important because they are the main cause of serious complications such as diplopia and limitation of extraocular movement. Many reports have described the incidence of blowout fractures associated with diplopia and limitation of extraocular movement; however, no studies have statistically analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND The most common cutaneous malignant masses are basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma. The predominant site of a malignant mass is the face, which has many opportunities to be exposed to ultraviolet radiation. However the predilection sites of malignant masses have been equivocal due to the use of general regions, rather than(More)
This paper investigates the problem of path calcul ation of multiple metric routing. Toda 's Internet routing is based on a single metric path selecting algorithm. Single metric path is a best effort service that can only support path for one requirement. In order to support quality-of-service(QoS) call, path is subjec to multiple constraints on routing(More)
  • Sean Jeng Liu, Young Kim, Raymond Shiau, Carlo H Séquin
  • 2016
Maximal symmetry is used to reduce the computational complexity in the construction of the largest possible hyperbolic disk composed entirely of equilateral triangles meeting seven per vertex. Mathematicians as well as artists are fascinated by the hyperbolic plane. Hilbert proved that the infinite hyperbolic plane cannot be smoothly and isometrically(More)
The superior orbital fissure syndrome (SOFS) has been known to be a condition caused by impairment of the nerves that cross the superior orbital fissure. Traumatic SOFS is an uncommon complication which occurs usually within 48 hours after a facial injury. A 25-year-old male sustained facial trauma following an altercation. Clinical findings on presentation(More)
Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma (EES) is a rare round cell malignant neoplasm with rapid growth and an uncharacterized mesenchymal cell origin, and it is histologically similar to Ewing's sarcoma (ES) arising from bone [1]. EES was first described as a paravertebral 'round cell' tumor morphologically resembling ES of bone by in 1969 [1,2]. In 1975, a review(More)