Young-Joo Jeong

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Vitamin C, one of essential micronutrients, has been reported to modulate the humoral immune responses in some mammals. We investigated whether vitamin C might modulate this response in mice by directly affecting B cells. Splenic B cells were isolated and activated by CD40- and B cell receptor-ligation in vitro. The cells were cultured with a pretreatment(More)
Vitamin C has been reported to shift immune responses toward Th1. In this study, we evaluated whether this effect was by way of dendritic cells. Murine dendritic cells (DCs) were prepared from bone marrow precursors. DCs treated with vitamin C secreted an increased amount of IL-12p70 after activation with LPS. These cells rendered naïve T cells to secrete(More)
Tansglutaminase 2 (TG2) mediates post-translational modifications of proteins that are involved in a variety of biological processes. Previous reports suggest an involvement of TG2 in adaptive immune responses. However, little has been elucidated in this regard. We explored, in this study, the role of TG2 in humoral immune response to keyhole limpet(More)
Vitamin C is an essential micronutrient, which has been implicated in various biological processes, including immune response. In fact, in vivo administration of vitamin C modulates T cell proliferation and cytokine secretion. In this study, we analyzed the mechanism by which mouse T cells take up vitamin C, and whether this uptake directly affected T cell(More)
A human monoclonal antibody can be a good method for tumor diagnosis and treatment. This study is aimed at the generation of human antibody fragments against urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) known to be related to tumor metastasis using the naive human antibody phage display library. Three clones--A2, A8, and E4--were selected from 1 x 10(10) sized(More)
Asthma is a Th2-dependent disease mediated by IgE and Th2 cytokines, and asthmatic patients suffer from oxidative stresses from abnormal airway inflammation. Vitamin C is a micro-nutrient functioning as an antioxidant. When administered at a mega-dose, vitamin C has been reported to shift immune responses toward Th1. Thus, we tried to determine whether(More)
Given the involvement of oxidative stress in liver-disease- or hepato-toxicant-induced hepatic damage and fibrosis, antioxidants are an effective preventive and therapeutic tool. The beneficial results of vitamin C, one of the physiological antioxidants, have been observed both in experimental animals and in humans. However, most of these studies have been(More)
Vitamin C has been found to stimulate dendritic cells (DCs) to secrete more IL-12 and thereby drive naïve CD4(+) T cells to differentiate into Th1 cells. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of these vitamin C-treated DCs on CD8(+) T cell differentiation both in vitro and in vivo. Mouse bone marrow-derived DCs were prepared in the presence of(More)
Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is a ubiquitous enzyme involved in diverse biological processes. Recently, its function in adaptive immune responses has begun to emerge. Its presence and functions in B cells and T cells, for example, have been reported. However, those in dendritic cells (DCs), the principal antigen-presenting cells, are as yet unexplored in murine(More)
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