Young Joo Cho

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The aim of this study was to overcome the limitation of overlooking the placebo effect in previous studies and to demonstrate the overall treatment efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) compared with placebo. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature in PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase reporting on(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether alterations in glucocorticoid (GC) to GC receptor (GC/GCR) binding affinity and the state of airway remodeling contribute to the poor response to GC therapy of severe bronchial asthma patients in old age. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were obtained from two groups with severe asthma, 10 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The Asthma Insight and Management (AIM) survey was conducted in North America, Europe, the Asia-Pacific region and Latin America to characterize patients' insights, attitudes and perceptions about their asthma and its treatment. We report findings from the Asia-Pacific survey. METHODS Asthma patients (≥12 years) from Australia,(More)
Fair bandwidth allocation is an important issue in the multicast network to serve each multicast traffic at a fair rate commensurate with the receiver’s capabilities and the capacity of the path of the traffic. Lexicographically fair bandwidth layer allocation problem is considered and formulated as a nonlinear integer programming problem. A nonincreasing(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand in detail the mechanisms of autoantibody production in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we performed a comprehensive analysis of the normal human immunoglobulin light chain V(lambda) repertoire and compared it with the V(lambda) repertoire in SLE patients. METHODS The SLE V(lambda) repertoire of B cells obtained(More)
PURPOSE Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways associated with structural changes and airway remodeling. Interleukin (IL)-9 has pleiotropic effects on both inflammatory cells and airway structural cells, which are involved in asthma pathogenesis. We evaluated the effects of IL-9 blockade on chronic airway inflammation. METHODS Acute(More)
Rats were fed cholesterol-free or cholesterol-enriched diets containing olive oil or partially hydrogenated corn oil at the 10% level for ca. 30 days (c-18∶1, 77.0% in the former diet andc-18∶1, 24.7% andt-18∶1, 42.5% in the latter). The linoleic acid content of these fat diets was made equivalent (1.7 energy%). After feeding cholesterol-free diets,trans(More)
Allergic asthma is characterized by infiltration of eosinophils, elevated Th2 cytokine levels, airway hyperresponsiveness, and IgE. In addition to eosinophils, mast cells, and basophils, a variety of cytokines are also involved in the development of allergic asthma. The pivotal role of eosinophils in the progression of the disease has been a subject of(More)
Clearance of apoptotic cells by macrophages induces HGF secretion. We examined the regulatory mechanisms of HGF mRNA and protein expression in macrophages upon exposure to apoptotic cells. The interaction of RAW 264.7 macrophages with apoptotic Jurkat cells, but not with viable cells, resulted in expression of HGF mRNA and protein. Exposure of RAW 264.7(More)
PURPOSE Aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ASA/NSAIDs) are common causes of drug hypersensitivity. An oral provocation test is the only definitive diagnostic test. This study assessed the reliability of a flow cytometry-assisted basophil activation test (FAST) as a safe diagnostic method for ASA/NSAID-induced hypersensitivity, as its high(More)