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A bacterial pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), is a causal agent of kiwifruit bacterial canker worldwide. Psa biovar 3 (Psa3) was first detected in 2011 at an orchard in Dodeok-myeon, Goheunggun, Jeonnam Province in Korea. In this study, we present the results of an epidemiological study regarding Psa3 occurrence on kiwifruit orchards in(More)
Bryophytes comprise one of the richest microfungal microhabitats in the Antarctic environment. The maritime Antarctic is very vulnerable to rapid environmental change caused by global warming. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of bryophytes as a microhabitat for fungal species in the maritime Antarctic by surveying endophytic fungal(More)
The specific DNA fragment was screened by RAPD analysis of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, as well as similar strains that were isolated from kiwifruits. The primer C24 detected a fragment that is specific in P. syringae pv. actinidiae. This fragment was cloned. The pathovar-specific fragment was detected from a Southern blot analysis of the genomic(More)
As part of the long-term monitoring projects on Antarctic terrestrial vegetation in relation to global climate change, a lichen floristical survey was conducted around the Korean Antarctic Station (King Sejong Station), which is located on Barton Peninsula, King George Island, in January and February of 2006. Two hundred and twenty-five lichen specimens(More)
The effect of plant hormones on the growth of lichen-forming fungi (LFF) was evaluated. The use of 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid and indole-3-butyric acid resulted in a 99% and 57% increase in dry weight of the lichen-forming fungus Nephromopsis ornata. The results suggest that some plant hormones can be used as inducers or stimulators of LFF growth for(More)
Usnea longissima has long been used as a traditional medicine in China, India, Turkey, Canada and Europe. This lichen can produce several bioactive compounds that primarily belong to the polyketide family. The enzymes responsible for the production of these compounds are the polyketide synthases, but the biosynthetic processes in lichens are still unclear.(More)
At present, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors are the first group of drugs to treat mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although beneficial in improving cognitive and behavioral symptoms, the effectiveness of AChE inhibitors has been questioned since they do not delay or prevent neurodegeneration in AD patients. Therefore, in the present study,(More)
The molecular features of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae strains isolated in Korea were compared with strains isolated in Japan and Italy. Sequencing of eight P. syringae pv. actinidiae and three P. syringae pv. theae strains revealed a total of 44 single nucleotide polymorphisms across 4,818 bp of the concatenated alignment of nine genes. A multiplex(More)
The occurrence of strA-strB streptomycin-resistance genes within transposon Tn5393 was examined in Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, P. syringae pv. syringae, and P. marginalis, isolated from kiwifruit plants in Korea and Japan. PCR amplification with primers specific to strA-strB revealed that three of the tested Pseudomonas species harbored these genes(More)