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Germ cell nuclear factor (GCNF) is an orphan member of the nuclear receptor gene superfamily. We report the cloning of a cDNA encoding a new variant of human GCNF from human testis and its expression analysis. Southern blot analysis of the human genomic DNA indicates that the GCNF gene is not closely related to other members within the nuclear receptor(More)
Kinases perform phosphoryl-transfer reactions in milliseconds; without enzymes, these reactions would take about 8,000 years under physiological conditions. Despite extensive studies, a comprehensive understanding of kinase energy landscapes, including both chemical and conformational steps, is lacking. Here we scrutinize the microscopic steps in the(More)
White matter lesions are thought to result from chronic cerebral ischemia and constitute a core pathology of subcortical vascular dementia. This rarefaction has been known to be associated with microglial activation. We investigated whether minocycline, a microglial inhibitor, attenuates the white matter damage induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion that(More)
We were interested in determining whether fibrin glue derived from a single human source could be used effectively to produce a sutureless vasovasostomy in the rabbit model. Fifteen rabbits were divided into two groups (7 control, 8 experimental) and underwent vasal transection and reanastomosis by conventional microsurgical suture techniques (control(More)
Down syndrome candidate region 1 (DSCR1; also known as RCAN1 or Adapt78) has been shown to be induced by calcium overload and oxidative stress which are included in the pathogenic hallmarks of the ischemic diseases. After ischemic stroke, inflammatory responses play an important role in the exacerbation of neuronal loss. In this study, we investigated the(More)
We investigated the effect of minocycline on neuronal damage in the hippocampus and striatum in a mouse model of transient global forebrain ischemia. Male C57BL/6 mice were anesthetized with halothane and subjected to bilateral occlusion of the common carotid artery (BCCAO) for 30 min. Minocycline (90 mg/kg, i.p., qd) or saline was injected immediately(More)
Forced changes in the expression of regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) affects cell growth. This has been linked to the suppression of calcineurin-nuclear factor of activated T cells signaling by RCAN1. Here, we describe a novel role of RCAN1 isoform 4 in proper expression of Ras protein and its signaling. RCAN1 isoform 4 knockdown attenuated growth(More)
Despite the potential importance of the human regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN-1) gene in the modulation of cell survival under stress, little is known about its role in death-inducing signal pathways. In this study, we addressed the effects of RCAN1.4 knockdown on cellular susceptibility to apoptosis and the activation of death pathway proteins.(More)
Down syndrome critical region 1 (DSCR1) is recognized as an endogenous calcineurin inhibitor. DSCR1 is induced in endothelial cells and may play an important role in inflammation and angiogenesis. To address a novel function of DSCR1, we searched interacting partners of DSCR1. We performed pull-down analysis using DSCR1 as a bait and identified Raf-1 as a(More)
Down syndrome candidate region 1 (DSCR1), an endogenous inhibitor of calcineurin, inhibits the expression of genes involved in the inflammatory response. To elucidate the molecular basis of these anti-inflammatory effects, we analyzed the role of DSCR1 in the regulation of NF-kappaB transactivation using glioblastoma cells stably transfected with DSCR1.4 or(More)