Young-Hyo Chang

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A Gram-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming bacterium, designated strain BLB-1(T), was isolated from samples of tidal flat sediment from the Yellow Sea. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated that the isolate belonged to the Bacillus rRNA group 2 and was closely related to Bacillus massiliensis CIP 108446(T) (97.4%), Bacillus odysseyi ATCC(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested a role for an altered intestinal microbiota in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, no consensus has been reached regarding the association between specific enteric bacterial groups and IBS. The aim of this study was to investigate the fecal and mucosal-associated microbiota using two(More)
Mutans streptococci have been implicated as cariogenic bacteria in dental caries because they can produce high levels of dental caries-causing lactic acid and extracellular polysaccharide. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize the mutans streptococci from the dental plaque obtained from Koreans. The dental plaque samples were collected from(More)
The probiotic potential of a Lactobacillus strain, isolated from pig faeces, was assessed as a probiotic in piglets. The strain was examined for resistance to pH 2.0, 0.5% oxgall and antibiotics, and antimicrobial activities against enteric pathogenic bacteria. The probiotic strain, L. reuteri BSA131, was administered through the feed to 25 1-month-old(More)
A bacterial strain, designated YH12T, was isolated from a wetland sample collected from Woopo, Republic of Korea, and characterized using a polyphasic approach. Analysis of 16S rDNA indicated that the isolate formed a monophyletic clade with the members of the genus Comamonas. The closest phylogenetic relative among the valid species was Comamonas(More)
Two spore-forming, facultatively anaerobic, lactic acid bacteria, strains SL153(T) and SL1153, were isolated from vineyard soil in Korea. Cells of both strains were slightly curved, Gram-positive, motile rods that measured between 1 and 4 mum in length and were approximately 0.5 mum in diameter. Strains SL153(T) and SL1153 fermented glucose, fructose,(More)
A Gram-positive, endospore-forming, new Bacillus species, strain BL4-6T, was isolated from tidal flat sediment of the Yellow Sea. Strain BL4-6T is a straight rod, with motility by peritrichate flagella. The cell wall contains meso-diaminopimelic acid, and the major respiratory quinone is menaquinone-7. The major fatty acids are iso-C15:0 and summed feature(More)
A bacterial strain H3029, a gram-positive, rod-shaped, oxidase-negative, endospore-forming bacterium that characteristically produces tyramine from tyrosine, was isolated from a Myeolchi-jeotgal, a traditional Korean salted and fermented anchovy (Engraulis japonicus). The H3029 strain showed a high ability to produce 4140 microg/ml of tyramine from the(More)
An obligately anaerobic, Gram-positive, spore-forming bacterial strain, designated SL206(T), was isolated from pear orchard soils. Strain SL206(T) cells were straight or slightly curved rods, with motility by peritrichate flagella. Cell walls contained meso-diaminopimelic acid; wall sugars were glucose, rhamnose and mannose. The major fatty acids were C(16(More)
Alterations in the intestinal microbiota have been suggested as an etiological factor in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study used a molecular fingerprinting technique to compare the composition and biodiversity of the microbiota within fecal and mucosal niches between patients with diarrhea-predominant IBS (D-IBS) and healthy(More)