Young Hun Kim

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Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus has been identified as a risk factor for community-acquired and nosocomial infections. We screened 230 donors of diverse ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds and identified 62 (27%) whose nasal secretions were colonized by S. aureus. In 18 donors in whom the various regions of the nasal luminal surface were separately(More)
To isolate pharmacologically safe compounds that can induce apoptosis of tumor cells, leaves of an aromatic plant (Zanthoxylum schinifolium), which are widely used as a food flavor and herbal medicine in Korea and Japan, were sequentially extracted by organic solvents. An apoptogenic ingredient in the methylene chloride extract was further purified by(More)
The characteristics of ammonia removal by two types of biofilter (a standard biofilter with vertical gas flow and a modified biofilter with horizontal gas flow) were investigated. A mixture of organic materials such as compost, bark, and peat was used as the biofilter media based on the small-scale column test for media selection. Complete removal capacity,(More)
The human airways are protected from pathogenic colonization by a blanket of fluid impregnated with innate antimicrobial effector molecules. Among several previously uncharacterized components, we isolated a peptide that had activity primarily targeting Gram-negative bacteria. We named the peptide 'calcitermin' since its amino acid sequence and mass were(More)
The host defense roles of neutrophil elastase in a porcine skin wound chamber model were explored. Analysis of wound fluid by acid-urea polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, Western blot, and bacterial overlay confirmed that the neutrophil-derived protegrins constituted the major stable antimicrobial polypeptide in the wound fluid. The application to the(More)
An aerobic denitrifier was newly isolated from soil and its denitrification activity under different C/N (carbon/nitrogen) ratios was investigated. The isolate was identified as Pseudomonas putida AD-21 by biochemical studies and 16s rDNA sequencing analysis. P. putida AD-21 tolerated oxygen levels of 5.0-6.0 mg/l. An (15)NH(4)/(14)NO(3) analysis indicated(More)
Amyloid β (Aβ) induces the production of neuroinflammatory molecules, which may contribute to the pathogenesis of numerous neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, suppression of neuroinflammatory molecules could be developed as a therapeutic method. Aromatic (ar)-turmerone, turmeric oil isolated from Curcuma longa, has long been used in Southeast Asia as(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a potent anti-inflammatory molecule that regulates pro-inflammatory mediators. Several studies have indicated that HO-1 expression is induced by a variety of stimuli such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), cytokines, oxidative stress, and antioxidant phytochemicals. In this study, we assessed the anti-inflammatory effects of a novel(More)
The cell-fate determination factor Dachshund, a component of the Retinal Determination Gene Network (RDGN), has a role in breast tumor proliferation through the repression of cyclin D1 and several key regulators of embryonic stem cell function, such as Nanog and Sox2. However, little is known about the role of DACH1 in a myeloid lineage as a cell cycle(More)
Metastasis and invasion are among the main causes of death in patients with malignant tumors. The aim of this study was to determine the anti-invasive activity of frondoside A against human breast cancer cells. We investigated the inhibitory effect of frondoside A on cell clonogenicity, invasion and migration in(More)