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AIM To determine whether bispectral index (BIS) monitoring is useful for propofol administration for deep sedation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS Fifty-nine consecutive patients with a variety of reasons for ERCP who underwent the procedure at least twice between 1 July 2010 and 30 November 2010. This was a(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the antiemetic efficacy of dexamethasone combined with midazolam after middle ear surgery. STUDY DESIGN A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. SETTING University hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The study population consisted of 120 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II, adult(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the effects of allopurinol (ALP), a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, and apocynin (APC), a NADPH oxidase inhibitor, administered alone or together, on kidney damage caused by renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) in rats. METHODS Thirty rats were randomly assigned to 5 groups. Group 1 was a sham group. Group 2 was the renal IR control(More)
Intrathecal transplants of adrenal medullary chromaffin cells relieve chronic pain by secreting catecholamines, opioids, and other neuroactive substances. Recently, macrocapsules with semipermeable membranes were used to isolate immunologically xenogenic chromaffin cells, but the poor viability in vivo of the encapsulated chromaffin cells limited the(More)
Damage to peripheral nerves or the spinal cord is often accompanied by neuropathic pain, which is a complex, chronic pain state. Increasing evidence indicates that alterations in the expression and activity of gap junction channels in the spinal cord are involved in the development of neuropathic pain. Thus, this review briefly summarizes evidence that(More)
Spinal cord stimulation has become a widely used and efficient alternative for the management of refractory chronic pain that is unresponsive to conservative therapies. Technological improvements have been considerable and the current neuromodulation devices are both extremely sophisticated and reliable in obtaining good results for various clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prophylactic antiemetic effect of midazolam after middle ear surgery. STUDY DESIGN A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Ninety women patients undergoing middle ear surgery with general anesthesia received intravenously either midazolam 0.075 mg/kg or normal saline (n = 45(More)
BACKGROUND Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a serious complication resulting from herpes zoster infections, and it can impair the quality of life. In order to relieve pain from PHN, various treatments, including pharmacological and interventional methods have been used. However, little information on the recommendations for the interventional treatment of(More)