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The bacterial phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS) is a multicomponent system that participates in a variety of physiological processes in addition to the phosphorylation-coupled transport of numerous sugars. In Escherichia coli and other enteric bacteria, enzyme IIA(Glc) (EIIA(Glc)) is known as the central processing unit of carbon(More)
Expression of the Escherichia coli sdhCDAB operon encoding the succinate dehydrogenase complex is regulated in response to growth conditions, such as anaerobiosis and carbon sources. An anaerobic repression of sdhCDAB is known to be mediated by the ArcB/A two-component system and the global Fnr anaerobic regulator. While the cAMP receptor protein (CRP) and(More)
Similar to decapping of eukaryotic mRNAs, the RppH-catalyzed conversion of 5'-terminal triphosphate to monophosphate has recently been identified as the rate-limiting step for the degradation of a subset of mRNAs in Escherichia coli. However, the regulation of RppH pyrophosphohydrolase activity is not well understood. Because the overexpression of RppH(More)
Model tests are performed in order to predict the noise level of a full ship and to control its noise signature. Localizing noise sources in the model test is therefore an important research subject along with measuring noise levels. In this paper, a noise localization method using a hydrophone array in a large cavitation tunnel is presented. The 45-channel(More)
Preferential sugar utilization is a widespread phenomenon in biological systems. Glucose is usually the most preferred carbon source in various organisms, especially in bacteria where it is taken up via the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS). The currently proposed model for glucose preference over non-PTS sugars in enteric bacteria(More)
Besides the canonical phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferase system (PTS) for carbohydrate transport, most Proteobacteria possess the so-called nitrogen PTS (PTS(Ntr)) that transfers a phosphate group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) over enzyme I(Ntr) (EI(Ntr)) and NPr to enzyme IIA(Ntr) (EIIA(Ntr)). The PTS(Ntr) lacks membrane-bound components and(More)
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