Young Gyu Chai

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In the present study, we examined the neuroprotective effects and mechanisms of implanted human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) in ischemic stroke. hUC-MSCs were isolated from the endothelial/subendothelial layers of the human umbilical cord and cultured. Twenty days after the induction of in vitro neuronal differentiation, about(More)
There is increasing evidence that estrogen influences electrical activity of neurons via stimulation of membrane receptors. Although the presence of intracellular estrogen receptors and their responsiveness in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) primary sensory neurons were reported, rapid electrical responses of estrogen in DRG neurons have not been reported yet.(More)
Metabolic labeling of a mutant PC12 cell line, A123.7, expressing recombinant rat vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) with radiolabeled inorganic phosphate was used to demonstrate phosphorylation of the transporter on a serine residue. Mutational analysis was used to demonstrate that serine 480, which is located on the COOH-terminal cytoplasmic(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells have the ability to renew and differentiate into various lineages of mesenchymal tissues. We used undifferentiated human mesenchymal-like stem cells from human umbilical cord vein (hUC-MSCs), a cell line which contains several mesenchymal cell markers. We characterized functional ion channels in cultured hUC-MSCs with whole-cell patch(More)
Microglial cells become rapidly activated through interaction with pathogens, and their persistent activation is associated with the production and secretion of various pro-inflammatory genes, cytokines, and chemokines, which may initiate or amplify neurodegenerative diseases. Bromodomain and extraterminal domain (BET) proteins are a group of epigenetic(More)
Spermatogenesis is regulated by hormones, local regulatory factors in the testes and specific gene expression of spermatogenic cells in humans. In this study, we have detected the expression of the deleted in azoospermia (DAZ), the DAZ-like autosome (DAZL1), and the protamine-2 genes in spermatogenic cells. Spermatogenesis in 38 male infertility patients(More)
Bacillus anthracis, a gram-positive, endospore-forming, aerobic rod-shaped bacterium, interacts with macrophages at various stages of the disease. Spore germination and the outgrowth of vegetative bacilli are crucial steps enabling the bacteria to proliferate actively and to synthesize the virulence factors leading to a massive septicemia. In this study, we(More)
To evaluate proliferation as a factor in maintenance of parenchymal cell populations in adult male mouse submandibular glands, a variety of surveys were conducted following a pulse with 3H-thymidine. Striated granular duct (SGD) cells had the highest labeling index, followed by intercalated duct (ID) cells, then acinar (AC) cells, and granular duct (GD)(More)
The primary mechanisms of antidepressants are based on the monoamine depletion hypothesis. However, we do not yet know the full cascade of mechanisms responsible for the therapeutic effect of antidepressants. To identify the genes involved in the therapeutic mechanism of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, fluoxetine, we used a cDNA microarray(More)
Sexual dimorphism has been observed in salivary glands of many species. In this study, evidence for sexual differences in adult mouse submandibular gland is extended beyond parenchymal cell composition, size, and volumes to include patterns of DNA synthesis and complexity of ductal branching. Computer-assisted three-dimensional reconstructions also revealed(More)