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This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study evaluated the sparing effect of esmolol on sevoflurane during laparoscopic gynaecological surgery in 54 patients between December 2009 and May 2010. The concentration of sevoflurane required to maintain adequate anaesthesia was determined. Patients received either a 0.5 mg/kg esmolol intravenous(More)
OBJECTIVES Many factors influence the outcome of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). One of the most important prognostic factors is the level of obstruction in the lacrimal drainage system. The main objective of this report is to evaluate both the frequency of obstruction by anatomical region of the lacrimal drainage system on dacryocystography (DCG)(More)
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a long-standing issue, not a new concept in anesthesiology. Despite many studies over the last several decades, PONV remains a significant problem due to its complex mechanism. This review presents a summary of the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of PONV, focusing on preventive treatment, particularly the(More)
BACKGROUND Palonosetron is a new potent 5-hydroxytryptamine 3 antagonist. Although this drug is thought to be more effective in patients receiving opioid-based patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), clinical data are lacking. This study compared the effects of i.v. ondansetron and palonosetron administered at the end of surgery in preventing postoperative(More)
which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. CC Midazolam is a short-acting benzodiazepine commonly used by anesthesiologists as a preoperative anti-anxiety medication or supplemental sedative in regional anesthesia and monitored anesthesia care. Moreover, a recent(More)
BACKGROUND Low-dose haloperidol is known to be effective for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). However, precise dose-response studies have not been completed, especially in patients at high risk for PONV who require combination therapy. This study sought to identify which dose of haloperidol 1mg or 2mg could be combined with(More)
BACKGROUND Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain can cause lower back pain and pelvic discomfort. However, there is no established standard treatment for SIJ pain. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is a novel, non-invasive therapeutic modality for musculoskeletal disorders. The mechanism underlying shockwave therapy is not fully understood, but the frequency(More)
This is a subsequent study of SAFT project. Through the prototype test, we are looking for new project idea is fit for purpose of SAFT. In this study, ideation was carried out for the unit which is designed to prevent from falls which might cause even death of a firefighter. Based on the ideation process, the low-fidelity prototype was built. 8 males in(More)
Neuropathic pain includes postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN), and trigeminal neuralgia, and so on. Although various drugs have been tried to treat neuropathic pain, the effectiveness of the drugs sometimes may be limited for chronic intractable neuropathic pain, especially when they cannot be used at an adequate dose, due to(More)