Young-Eun Joo

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Objective:To evaluate validity and reliability of the food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) developed for the Korean Genome Epidemiologic Study (KoGES).Methods:FFQ was administered twice at 1-year interval (first FFQ (FFQ1) at the beginning and second FFQ (FFQ2) at the end of the study) and diet records (DRs) were collected for 3 days during each of the four(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the time trend of seropositivity of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) over the period of 13 years in an asymptomatic Korean population, and investigate associated risk factors. METHODS This cross-sectional nationwide multicentre study surveyed anti-H. pylori IgG antibodies in 19,272 health check-up subjects(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Dieulafoy's lesion is a rare cause of massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage, most commonly in the proximal stomach. Mechanical endoscopic methods have recently become the standard therapeutic approach. However, there have been few studies comparing the efficacy of different mechanical endoscopic methods in treating gastric(More)
Angiogenesis is a key prerequisite for the successful establishment, growth, and dissemination of tumors. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has a potent angiogenic activity and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) promotes angiogenesis by modulated production of angiogenic factors including VEGF. The current study was designed to investigate the possible roles(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression appears to be increased in several different types of human cancers, suggesting that the presence of COX-2 is associated with carcinogenesis. Recently, increased expression of COX-2 has been frequently detected in gastric cancer, and this may have prognostic significance. In the present study, we aimed to(More)
OBJECTIVE:Small-caliber upper endoscopes can be used safely and effectively for sedation-free colonoscopy. The objective of the study is to assess the efficacy of a small-caliber upper endoscope (9.2 mm) comparing with a standard colonoscope (12.2 mm).METHODS:In a prospective trial, patients undergoing sedation-free colonoscopy were randomly assigned to the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS E-Cadherin and its associated cytoplasmic proteins, catenins, are important mediators of epithelial cell-cell adhesion and intracellular signaling. Much evidence exists suggesting a tumor invasion suppressor role for E-cadherin and catenins and loss of expression, as well as mutations, has been described in a number of epithelial cancers.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Food residue is frequently observed in the gastric remnant after distal gastrectomy, despite adequate preparation. We devised a water-intake method to reduce food residue in the gastric remnant by drinking large quantities of water in a short time. The aims of this study were to identify the risk factors for food residue and to study the(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Post-polypectomy coagulation syndrome (PPCS) is a well known complication of colonoscopic polypectomy. However, no previous studies have reported on the clinical outcomes or risk factors of PPCS. The aim of the current study was to analyze the clinical outcomes and risk factors of PPCS developing after a colonoscopic polypectomy.(More)
BACKGROUND The hemostatic efficacy of mechanical methods of hemostasis, together with epinephrine injection, was compared with that of epinephrine injection alone in bleeding peptic ulcer. METHODS Ninety patients with a peptic ulcer with active bleeding or a non-bleeding visible vessel were randomly assigned to undergo a mechanical method of hemostasis(More)