Young-Dae Gong

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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the predominant form of kidney cancer, is characterized by high resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. This study shows that expression of protein cross-linking enzyme transglutaminase 2 (TGase 2) is markedly increased in 7 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines in comparison to HEK293 and other cancer cell lines, such as NCI(More)
A regioselective, reagent-based method for the cyclization reaction of 2-amino-1,3,4-oxadiazole and 2-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole core skeletons is described. The thiosemicarbazide intermediate 3 was reacted with EDC·HCl in DMSO or p-TsCl, triethylamine in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone to give the corresponding 2-amino-1,3,4-oxadiazoles 4 and(More)
PURPOSE To test whether transglutaminase 2 (TGase 2) inhibitor GK921 alone reverses renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tumor growth. RCC is resistant to both radiation and chemotherapy, and the prognosis remains poor. Despite the recent therapeutic success of vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition in RCC, approximately one-third of RCC patients develop(More)
We screened 1434 small heterocyclic molecules and identified thirteen 2,3,6-trisubstituted quinoxaline derivatives that were able to inhibit the Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway and cell proliferation. In the screen, some of the hit compounds such as the ethylene group-coupled quinoxaline derivatives were shown to hold promise for use as potential(More)
GDK-100017, a 2,3,6-trisubstituted quinoxaline derivative, reduced β-catenin-T-cell factor/lymphoid enhancer factor (TCF/LEF)-dependent transcriptional activity and inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner with an IC₅₀ value of about 10 μM in A549/Wnt2 cells. GDK-100017 down-regulated the expression of Wnt/β-catenin pathway target genes such(More)
PURPOSE Transglutaminase 2 (TGase 2), a cross-linking enzyme, plays an important role in both pro-survival and anti-apoptosis during oncogenesis. For instance, TGase 2 induces NF-κB activation through I-κBα polymerization, which leads to the increase of pro-survival factors such as BCl-2. TGase 2 also suppresses apoptosis via depletion of caspase 3 and(More)
Hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIFs) play a pivotal role in the response of cells to hypoxia. HIFs are dimers of an oxygen-sensitive α-subunit (HIF-1α or HIF-2α), and a constitutively expressed β-subunit. In normoxia, HIF-1α is destabilized by post-translational hydroxylation of Pro-564 and Pro-402 by a family of oxygen-sensitive dioxygenases.(More)
We developed Wnt/β-catenin inhibitors by identifying 13 number of 3-arylethynyl-substituted pyrido[2,3,-b]pyrazine derivatives that were able to inhibit the Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway and cancer cell proliferation. In the optimization process, a series of 2,3,6-trisubstituted pyrido[2,3,-b]pyrazine core skeletons showed were shown to higher activity than(More)
Novel thiazolidinedione derivatives were synthesized by incorporating pharmacologically significant heterocycles viz, substituted thiazole, triazole, and oxadiazole moieties linked to the central phenyl ring via heteroatomlinkage with one/two carbon spacer as the structural analogs of Pioglitazone by employing multistep synthetic protocols. Structures of(More)
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN We investigated anti-inflammatory properties of a novel 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) inhibitor, KRH-102140, in vitro and in vivo. 5-LO enzyme activity was assayed using insect cell lysates overexpressing rat 5-LO. The leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) level was assayed in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-1) cell line. ICR (Institute of Cancer Research)(More)