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Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) receptor (IGF-IR)-mediated signals are known to be involved in cell growth and transformation and prevention of apoptosis. In this study, we demonstrated the coexpression of IGF-I and IGF-IR in human esophageal carcinoma tissues. We also demonstrated the IGF-I autocrine system in esophageal carcinoma cell lines. Both the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The effects of areca quid (AQ) consumption on salivary matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) which may participate in tumor invasion and metastasis remains unclear. This study assessed the change in salivary MMP-9 protein levels 2 hours after 5-minute AQ chewing stimulation (AQCS) in non-AQ users and the expression profile of this(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Arecoline, an areca quid (AQ) component, has been shown to inhibit the secretion and activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in fibroblast cultures. This study assessed whether MMP-2 expression was inhibited in the saliva samples and tumor specimens of oral tumor patients with a long-term history of AQ consumption. The net(More)
This study was designed to investigate the response to a high-cholesterol, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) or n-6 PUFA diet in rats and hamsters. Animals were fed n-3 or n-6 PUFA with a cholesterol-free diet, or with a diet enriched with cholesterol (0.5%, w/w) for 2 weeks. In rats and hamsters fed a cholesterol-free diet, plasma cholesterol,(More)
We recently identified an autophagy-inducing areca nut ingredient (AIAI) in the partially purified 30-100 kDa fraction of areca nut extract (ANE), designated as ANE 30-100K. Before disintegration, most ANE 30-100K-treated cells exhibit rounding morphology, cytoplasmic clearance, and nuclear shrinkage, distinct from arecoline- and cisplatin-induced cellular(More)
Morphological dynamics of mitochondria is associated with key cellular processes related to aging and neuronal degenerative diseases, but the lack of standard quantification of mitochondrial morphology impedes systematic investigation. This paper presents an automated system for the quantification and classification of mitochondrial morphology. We(More)
Betel quid (BQ) and matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) play roles in oral diseases. Here, we analyzed the regulation of MMP-8 by BQ and its effect on cell migration. We found that BQ extract (BQE) increased the secretion of an 85kDa caseinolytic proteinase, specifically precipitated by an anti-MMP-8 antibody, in the culture medium of OECM-1, an oral(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated the autophagy-inducing activity in the crude extract of areca nut (ANE) and its 30-100 kDa fraction (ANE 30-100 K). This study aimed to analyze whether chronic ANE and ANE 30-100 K stimulations lead to higher stress resistance and autophagic activity in oral cells, and whether the resulting autophagic status in(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are commonly expressed in carcinomas including oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs). On the other hand, some evidences suggested that ingredients of betel quid (BQ) inhibit the activity and/or expression of some MMPs thought to be the pathogenesis of oral submucous fibrosis. This study was to analyse whether MMP-1(More)
Arecoline is the major alkaloid of areca nut (AN) and known to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and apoptosis. The metabolic sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), activated by ROS, also regulates apoptosis. This study used several types of cells as the experimental model to analyze the roles of ROS and AMPK in arecoline-induced(More)