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This study was designed to investigate the response to a high-cholesterol, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) or n-6 PUFA diet in rats and hamsters. Animals were fed n-3 or n-6 PUFA with a cholesterol-free diet, or with a diet enriched with cholesterol (0.5%, w/w) for 2 weeks. In rats and hamsters fed a cholesterol-free diet, plasma cholesterol,(More)
Betel quid (BQ) and matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) play roles in oral diseases. Here, we analyzed the regulation of MMP-8 by BQ and its effect on cell migration. We found that BQ extract (BQE) increased the secretion of an 85kDa caseinolytic proteinase, specifically precipitated by an anti-MMP-8 antibody, in the culture medium of OECM-1, an oral(More)
Morphological dynamics of mitochondria is associated with key cellular processes related to aging and neuronal degenerative diseases, but the lack of standard quantification of mitochondrial morphology impedes systematic investigation. This paper presents an automated system for the quantification and classification of mitochondrial morphology. We(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) receptor (IGF-IR)-mediated signals are known to be involved in cell growth and transformation and prevention of apoptosis. In this study, we demonstrated the coexpression of IGF-I and IGF-IR in human esophageal carcinoma tissues. We also demonstrated the IGF-I autocrine system in esophageal carcinoma cell lines. Both the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The effects of areca quid (AQ) consumption on salivary matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) which may participate in tumor invasion and metastasis remains unclear. This study assessed the change in salivary MMP-9 protein levels 2 hours after 5-minute AQ chewing stimulation (AQCS) in non-AQ users and the expression profile of this(More)
Arecoline is the major alkaloid of areca nut (AN) and known to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and apoptosis. The metabolic sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), activated by ROS, also regulates apoptosis. This study used several types of cells as the experimental model to analyze the roles of ROS and AMPK in arecoline-induced(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated the autophagy-inducing activity in the crude extract of areca nut (ANE) and its 30-100 kDa fraction (ANE 30-100 K). This study aimed to analyze whether chronic ANE and ANE 30-100 K stimulations lead to higher stress resistance and autophagic activity in oral cells, and whether the resulting autophagic status in(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effects of the interaction between dietary (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and different dietary cholesterol content on plasma and liver cholesterol in hamsters. Male Syrian hamsters consumed diets containing an incremental increase in dietary cholesterol content (0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1 and 0.2%, w/w) with(More)
Areca nut (AN) is an addictive carcinogen used by about 200-600 million people worldwide. Some AN components are shown to induce apoptosis; however, we previously demonstrated that AN extract (ANE) and the 30-100kDa fraction of ANE (ANE 30-100K) induced autophagy-like responses, such as swollen cell morphology, empty cytoplasm, acidic vesicles, and LC3-II(More)
The newly identified MMP-28 has been shown to be expressed in several types of carcinomas, however, its functional role in transformation events is unknown. This study was to assess whether this proteinase plays a role in oral tumor malignancy. By using RT-PCR, we found that expression of MMP-28 was significantly higher in 92 oral squamous cell carcinomas(More)