Youn Wha Kim

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Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) can present with focal calcification. However, the presence of extensive calcification that constitutes the major portion of a GIST is extremely rare and can be associated with diagnostic pitfalls. We herein present the first two cases of rare gastric GIST with predominantly calcified components that mimicked(More)
PURPOSE As a result of various independently proposed nomenclatures and classifications, there is confusion in the diagnosis and prediction of biological behavior of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). A comprehensive nationwide study is needed in order to understand the biological characteristics of GEP-NETs in Korea. MATERIALS AND(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the correlation between microsatellite instability (MSI) status and the clinicopathological features and prognostic value in gastric cancer and compared the efficacy of immunohistochemical staining for hMLH1 and hMSH2 with a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based test. METHODS MSI status was examined in 328 consecutive gastric(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS It has previously been shown that glucose uptake and use is more prevalent in carcinomas than in normal cells and tissues. We hypothesized that human erythrocyte glucose transporter-1 expression is increased in gallbladder carcinoma and might be correlated with prognostic significance. METHODOLOGY A total of 71 cases of gallbladder(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the development, differentiation, and function of different cell types and in the pathogenesis of various human diseases. miRNAs are differentially expressed in normal and cancer cells. The investigation of miRNA expression between healthy subjects and patients with osteosarcoma is crucial for future clinical(More)
AIMS Raf-1 kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) has emerged as a significant metastatic suppressor in a variety of human cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate RKIP expression and to determine its association with metastasis and prognostic significance in pancreatic cancer patients. METHODS Immunohistochemical staining for RKIP was performed on 63(More)
AIMS Heat shock proteins (HSPs) protect cells against stress-associated injuries and are overexpressed in several malignant tumours. We investigated the potential roles of HSP27, HSP60, and HSP70 in conventional and low grade central osteosarcoma. METHODS Expressions of HSP27, HSP60, and HSP70 were analysed using immunohistochemistry on tissue sections(More)
Cancer cells show a higher rate of anaerobic respiration than normal cells. The exact mechanisms for this higher glycolysis rate in cancer cells remain to be elucidated. The results of recent studies have indicated that p53, the most commonly mutated tumor suppressor gene, may have important functions in the regulation of energy-generating metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Human carbonyl reductase1 (CBR1) has been reported to protect cells against lipid peroxidation. Since human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells are under oxidative stress in hypoxic conditions, we tested if CBR1 is upregulated by hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α, helps tumor growth under hypoxia, and renders chemoresistance to cisplatin(More)
The human beclin-1 gene, located on chromosome 17q21, has been identified as the mammalian orthologue of Atg6 (autophagy-related gene) and may be a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor gene. The function and expression of beclin-1 in human breast cancer are largely unknown. We investigated the expression of beclin-1 and bcl-2 in human breast cancer. Tissue(More)