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Within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), mannoses and glucoses, donated from dolichol-phosphate-mannose and -glucose, are transferred to N-glycan and GPI-anchor precursors, and serine/threonine residues in many proteins. Glycosyltransferases that mediate these reactions are ER-resident multitransmembrane proteins with common characteristics, forming a(More)
Amino acid substitutions conferring resistance to quinolones in Mycobacterium tuberculosis have generally been found within the quinolone resistance-determining regions (QRDRs) in the A subunit of DNA gyrase (GyrA) rather than the B subunit of DNA gyrase (GyrB). To clarify the contribution of an amino acid substitution, E540V, in GyrB to quinolone(More)
Sialic acid is a sugar typically found at the N-glycan termini of glycoproteins in mammalian cells. Lec3 CHO cell mutants are deficient in epimerase activity, due to a defect in the gene that encodes a bifunctional UDP-GlcNAc 2-epimerase/ManNAc kinase (GNE). Sialic acid modification on the cell surface is partially affected in these cells. We have(More)
Involvement of additional hormones other than estrogen in the control of vitellogenin (Vg) synthesis has been suggested in fish. However, no satisfactory explanation on the mechanism of the action of these hormones has been reported. In this study, we have exploited the possibility of androgen receptor mediation during the androgen action on the pathway of(More)
We conducted in vitro DNA supercoiling assays, utilizing recombinant DNA gyrases, to elucidate the influence of the lineage-specific serine or threonine residue at position 95 of GyrA on fluoroquinolone resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. There was little effect of the GyrA-Ala74Ser amino acid substitution on activity of the GyrA-Ser95 gyrase,(More)
GPI mannosyltransferase I (GPI-MT-I) transfers the first mannose to a GPI-anchor precursor, glucosamine-(acyl)phosphatidylinositol [GlcN-(acyl)PI]. Mammalian GPI-MT-I consists of two components, PIG-M and PIG-X, which are homologous to Gpi14p and Pbn1p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, respectively. In the present study, we disrupted yeast GPI14 and analysed the(More)
Peroxiredoxin II (Prdx II, a typical 2-Cys Prdx) has been originally isolated from erythrocytes, and its structure and peroxidase activity have been adequately studied. Mice lacking Prdx II proteins had heinz bodies in their peripheral blood, and morphologically abnormal cells were detected in the dense red blood cell (RBC) fractions, which contained(More)
Benzoylecgonine is a major metabolite of cocaine. We generated hybridoma cells (C1303) producing anti-benzoylecgonine monoclonal antibody (mAb) with a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) and an antigen-binding domain from the C1303 cells. Genes encoding an scFv antibody and constant region (Fc) were amplified from a cDNA library of C1303 cells using PCR.(More)
The mammalian glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor consists of three mannoses attached to acylated GlcN-(acyl)PI to form Man(3)-GlcN-(acyl)PI. The first of the three mannose groups is attached to an intermediate to generate Man-GlcN-(acyl)PI by the first mannosyltransferase (GPI-MT-I). Mammalian and protozoan GPI-MT-I have different substrate(More)
Aerolysin, a secreted bacterial toxin from Aeromonas hydrophila, binds to glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein and kills the cells by forming pores. Both GPI and N-glycan moieties of GPI-anchored proteins are involved in efficient binding of aerolysin. We isolated various Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) mutant cells resistant to aerolysin. Among(More)