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Ischemia is a stimulus for production of angiogenic cytokines that activate local vascular cells and mobilize angiogenic cells to the circulation. These responses are impaired in elderly patients with peripheral arterial disease. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 mediates adaptive responses to ischemia, including production of angiogenic cytokines. In this(More)
Both theoretical and experimental research has indicated that the synaptic strength between neurons in a network needs to be properly fine-tuned and controlled by homeostatic mechanisms to ensure proper network function. One such mechanism that has been extensively characterized is synaptic homeostatic plasticity or global synaptic scaling. This mechanism(More)
The immediate early gene Arc (also Arg3.1) produces rapid changes in synaptic properties that are linked to de novo translation. Here we develop a novel translation reporter that exploits the rapid maturation and "flash" kinetics of Gaussia luciferase (Gluc) to visualize Arc translation. Following glutamate stimulation, discrete Arc-Gluc bioluminescent(More)
The objective of this study is to determine whether targeted colonoscopy skills are acquired through simulation-based training using the KAIST-Ewha Colonoscopy Simulator II, and the acquired skills can be transferred to colonoscopy to actual patients. Eleven subjects consisting of six fellows and five residents participated in the study. The fellows and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Bismuth-based quadruple therapy for second-line eradication treatment achieves the eradication rate ranging from 70% to 81% due to antimicrobial resistance and poor compliance. The aim of this study was to compare the eradication rate of levofloxacin-based triple therapy with that of bismuth-based quadruple therapy in second-line(More)
—Ischemia is a stimulus for production of angiogenic cytokines that activate local vascular cells and mobilize angiogenic cells to the circulation. These responses are impaired in elderly patients with peripheral arterial disease. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 mediates adaptive responses to ischemia, including production of angiogenic cytokines. In this(More)
This study was performed to evaluate the validity of the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), which is being used at the Samsung Medical Center. In total, 305 (190 males and 115 females) participants consented and completed the 3-day diet records and FFQ. Age, gender and energy-adjusted and de-attenuated correlations ranged from 0.317 (polyunsaturated fatty(More)
The most common pancreatic cancer is adenocarcinoma. Primary adenosquamous cell carcinoma of the pancreas is very rare and aggressive. A 46-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of dyspepsia and a 7-kg weight loss. The physical examination showed tenderness of the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. There was no jaundice. Amylase and lipase were(More)
AIM To determine the long-term outcomes regarding reinfection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and endoscopic changes after successful H. pylori eradication. METHODS From June 1994 to January 2007, 186 patients (M:F = 98:88; mean age 50.0 +/- 11.4 years), in whom H. pylori had been successfully eradicated, were enrolled. The mean duration of follow up(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Primary gastrointestinal follicular lymphoma (GI-FL) is very rare and its natural course is barley known. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics of primary gastrointestinal follicular lymphoma (GI-FL). METHODOLOGY From May 1996 to October 2008, the records of five patients diagnosed with primary GI-FL were retrieved from(More)