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BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Although there is an increasing trend of dietary supplement (DS) use, few researches have evaluated nutrient intake from DS. This study aimed to establish a nutrient database (NDB) for DS and estimate the effect of DS on total nutrient intake by Korean adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS The NDB for DS was established using the label(More)
BACKGROUNDS/OBJECTOVES Family has an impact on dietary intake of children as a proximal food environment and family structures are changing and becoming more diverse. This study was performed to identify the association between family structure and food group intake of children aged 3-18 years in Korea. SUBJECTS/METHODS A total of 3,217 children with(More)
We report on intensity-dependent switching in lithium niobate directional couplers. Large nonlinear phase shifts that are due to cascading detune the coupling between the coupler branches, which makes all-optical switching possible. Depending on the input intensity, the output could be switched between the cross and the bar coupler branches with a switching(More)
We report on interferometric measurements of nonlinear phase shifts of the fundamental mode that are due to cascading in a second-harmonic-generation experiment in lithium niobate channel waveguides. With temperature tuning of the wave-vector mismatch the nonlinear phase shifts were adjustable in sign and magnitude. Varying the wave-vector matching(More)
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