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Methionine sulphoxide reductases (Msr) catalyse the reduction of oxidized methionine to methionine. These enzymes are divided into two classes, MsrA and MsrB, according to substrate specificity. Although most MsrA and MsrB exist as separate enzymes, in some bacteria these two enzymes are fused to form a single polypeptide (MsrAB). Here, we report the first(More)
To investigate the role of mutant hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 20 patients with HCC were studied for precore and core promoter mutations in tumorous and nontumorous tissues. The precore and core promoter region was amplified and analyzed by direct sequencing. Among the 20 tumorous and nontumorous tissues,(More)
Efforts have been ongoing to establish superconducting spintronics utilizing ferromagnet/superconductor heterostructures. Previously reported devices are based on spin-singlet superconductors (SSCs), where the spin degree of freedom is lost. Spin-polarized supercurrent induction in ferromagnetic metals (FMs) is achieved even with SSCs, but only with the aid(More)
The polymerase chain reaction in situ hybridization (PCR-ISH) is a new technique that combines the sensitivity of PCR with the localizing ability of ISH. To investigate the expression pattern of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the tissue of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we detected HBV-DNA with PCR-ISH in paraffin-embedded tumor and corresponding non-tumor(More)
Switching dynamics of ferroelectric materials are governed by the response of domain walls to applied electric field. In epitaxial ferroelectric films, thermally-activated 'creep' motion plays a significant role in domain wall dynamics, and accordingly, detailed understanding of the system's switching properties requires that this creep motion be taken into(More)
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