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OBJECTIVE To explore the roles of the bromodomain (Brd) and extra-terminal domain (BET) of chromatin adaptors in regulating synovial inflammation in RA. METHODS Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) were isolated from synovial tissue from RA patients. A specific BET inhibitor, JQ1, and short hairpin RNA (shRNA) for Brd2 or Brd4 were used to evaluate the(More)
Triptolide, a primary active ingredient extracted from a traditional Chinese herb, Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F, has been demonstrated to have a positive therapeutic effect on patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, its mechanism of action against RA is not well established. Therefore, in the present study, we observed the effect of triptolide on(More)
Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) display an aggressive phenotype that is a critical factor in cartilage destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Increased FLS migration and proliferation are essential to the pathology of RA. Halofuginone has been found to inhibit cell migration and proliferation in cancer cells. However, whether halofuginone has a role(More)
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic inflammatory liver disease associated with interface hepatitis, the presence of autoantibodies, regulatory T‑cell dysfunction and raised plasma liver enzyme levels. The present study assessed the hepatoprotective and antiapoptotic role of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) in AIH. a mouse model of AIH was induced by treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE Increasing evidence indicates that the cytoskeletal protein ezrin may play a critical role in cell motility. This study aims to investigate the role of ezrin in regulating the migration and invasion of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) from patients with RA. METHODS Synovial tissues were obtained from 12 patients with RA and 6 with OA, and(More)
OBJECTIVES Increasing evidence indicates that ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) proteins may play a critical role in cell proliferation. This study examined the role of ERM proteins in proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from patients with RA. METHODS Synovial tissues (STs) were obtained from 18 RA and 6 OA patients. The expression of ERM and its(More)
To investigate the effect of simvastatin on the migration and invasion of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and its cellular signal mechanisms, FLS from active RA patients were stimulated with 3 % FBS or GM-CSF in the presence or absence of simvastatin. Cells migration and invasion in vitro were measured by the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) in regulating migration, invasion and MMP expression in RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). METHODS RA FLS migration and invasion in vitro were measured by the Boyden chamber method. Invasion of RA FLS into cartilage was detected in the severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mouse(More)
To investigate whether anti-inflammatory effects of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor simvastatin (SMV) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is mediated by Toll-like receptor-2 (TLR-2) signal via inhibiting activation of RhoA, a small Rho GTPase that plays an important role in inflammatory responses. Peripheral blood monocytes from active RA patients were treated with(More)
Piperlongumine (PLM) is a natural product from the plant Piper longum that inhibits platelet aggregation, atherosclerosis plaque formation, and tumor cell growth. It has potential value in immunomodulation and the management of autoimmune diseases. In this study, we investigated the role of PLM in regulating the differentiation and maturation of dendritic(More)