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To isolate new peptide signal molecules involved in regulating developmental processes in hydra, a novel screening project was developed. Peptides extracted from the tissue of Hydra magnipapillata were systematically purified to homogeneity using HPLC. A fraction of each purified peptide was examined by differential display-PCR for its ability to affect(More)
An undecapeptide which potentiates the beat of the ventricle in the African giant snail, Achatina fulica Ferussac, was purified from the atria of the snail. Its primary structure was determined to be H-Ser-Gly-Gln-Ser-Trp-Arg-Pro-Gln-Gly-Arg-Phe-NH2. This peptide was found to have excitatory actions not only on the ventricle but also on the penis retractor(More)
A peptide that potentiates twitch contraction of the radula retractor muscle of the prosobranch mollusc Fusinus ferrugineus was isolated from the ganglia of the animal. Its primary structure is H-Ala-Pro-Gly-Trp-NH2 (APGWamide) closely related to the C-terminal tetrapeptide of the crustacean red-pigment-concentrating hormone. APGWamide showed modulatory(More)
A novel bioactive peptide with the C-terminal RFamide was isolated from the brain of the Japanese crucian carp, Carassius auratus langsdorfii, by using the intestine of the fish as the bioassay system. The primary structure of the peptide was determined to be SPEIDPFWYVGRGVRPIGRFamide and it was designated Carassius RFamide (C-RFa). The sequence of C-RFa(More)
We present the first evidence of a system of four bioactive peptides that affect the stiffness of sea cucumber dermis. The body wall dermis of sea cucumbers consists of catch connective tissue that is characterized by quick and drastic stiffness changes under nervous control. The peptides were isolated from the body wall, their amino acid sequences(More)
Two novel neuropeptides, urechistachykinin I (H-Leu-Arg-Gln-Ser-Gln-Phe-Val-Gly-Ser-Arg-NH2) and urechistachykinin II (H-Ala-Ala-Gly-Met-Gly-Phe-Phe-Gly-Ala-Arg-NH2), were isolated from the ventral nerve cords of the echiuroid worm, Urechis unicinctus. These peptides showed a contractile action on the inner circular body-wall muscle of the animal. Their(More)
Tachykinin is one of the most well-known bioactive peptides found in vertebrates, and tachykinin-related peptides have also been isolated from various invertebrate species. Urechistachykinin I (Leu-Arg-Gln-Ser-Gln-Phe-Val-Gly-Ser-Arg-NH(2)) and II (Ala-Ala-Gly-Met-Gly-Phe-Phe-Gly-Ala-Arg-NH(2)) were purified from the ventral nerve cords of echiuroid worm,(More)
Urechistachykinin I and II (Uru-TK I and II) are invertebrate tachykinin-related peptides (TRPs), which have been isolated from echiuroid worms. The cDNA sequence encoding the Uru-TK I and II revealed that the precursor also encoded five TRP-like peptides. Here, we report the characterization of these Uru-TK-like peptides named as Uru-TK III-VII. Northern(More)
1. Effects of the molluscan neuropeptide APGW-amide and related compounds (the crustacean hormone RPCH, FAPGW-amide, PGW-amide, GW-amide and W-amide) were examined in several kinds of molluscan muscles. 2. All the compounds, except W-amide, showed qualitatively similar modulatory effects on contraction or relaxation of the muscles. The potency order of the(More)
Achatin-I previously purified from the ganglia of the African giant snail Achatina fulica was isolated from the atria of this snail. Achatin-I appeared to enhance the cardiac activity in two ways; centrally this peptide increased impulse frequency and produced spike broadening of the identified heart excitatory neuron, PON, and peripherally it enhanced(More)