Youichi Kobayashi

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UNLABELLED Severe left ventricular dysfunction or cardiac sympathetic nervous system (SNS) abnormality predicts cardiac death in various heart diseases, including arrhythmogenic disorders. However, it is not clear whether SNS abnormality predicts sudden cardiac death during long-term follow-up in patients with a history of ventricular tachyarrhythmia. We(More)
Atherosclerosis on Human Macrophage Foam Cell Formation and Coronary β and-α Impact of Salusin-Background—Human salusins, related bioactive polypeptides with mitogenic effects on vascular smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts and roles in hemodynamic homeostasis, may be involved in the origin of coronary atherosclerosis. Macrophage foam cell formation,(More)
Using bioinformatics analysis, we previously identified salusin-β, an endogenous bioactive peptide with diverse physiological activities. Salusin-β is abundantly expressed in the neuroendocrine system and in systemic endocrine cells/macrophages. Salusin-β acutely regulates hemodynamics and chronically induces atherosclerosis, but its unique physicochemical(More)
BACKGROUND Microvolt T-wave alternans (TWA) is reported to be closely associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD) and ventricular tachycardia (VT). Animal experiments revealed that microvolt TWA is highly dependent on heart rate. The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with TWA at relatively low heart rates have increased vulnerability to(More)
Bone-marrow-derived cells can generate vascular progenitor cells that contribute to pathological remodeling in models of restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We created models of vascular injury in mice with bone marrow transplants (BMT) to determine relationships between bone-marrow-derived cells and subsequent biological factors.(More)
BACKGROUND Left atrial-esophageal fistulas (LAEFs) are serious complications with high mortality after atrial fibrillation radiofrequency ablation (AFRA). Decreasing the incidence of esophageal thermal lesions (EsoTLs) that may lead to LAEFs is important. The aim of this study was to suppress EsoTL development and determine the appropriate alarm setting for(More)
Our data shows the regional coronary artery calcium scores (lesion CAC) on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and the cross-section imaging on MDCT angiography (CTA) in the target lesion of the patients with stable angina pectoris who were scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). CAC and CTA data were measured using a 128-slice scanner(More)
The intermediolateral cell column (IML) of the spinal cord is an important area where sympathetic impulses propagate to peripheral sympathetic organs. ANG II and aldosterone are important components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), which activate the sympathetic nervous system. Each is partly synthesized in the brain and plays a paracrine(More)
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