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Studies were performed to test the hypothesis that reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) contribute to the pathogenesis of aldosterone/salt-induced renal injury. Rats were given 1% NaCl to drink and were treated with one of the following combinations for 6 weeks: vehicle (0.5% ethanol, SC, n=6); aldosterone (0.75(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are key mediators in signal transduction of angiotensin II (Ang II). However, roles of vascular mitochondria, a major intracellular ROS source, in response to Ang II stimuli have not been elucidated. This study aimed to examine the involvement of mitochondria-derived ROS in the signaling pathway and the vasoconstrictor(More)
Recent studies have implicated a contribution of oxidative stress to the development of hypertension. Studies were performed to determine the effects of the superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl (Tempol) on vascular superoxide production and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) in anesthetized Wistar-Kyoto(More)
This study was performed to examine whether there is an inappropriate regulation of intrarenal angiotensinogen in Dahl-salt sensitive rats (DS) fed a high salt diet (HS). Dahl salt-resistant rats (DR) and DS were maintained on HS (8% NaCl) or low salt diet (LS, 0.3% NaCl) for 4 weeks. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), measured by tail-cuff plethysmography, was(More)
Whether temporary angiotensin II (AngII) blockade at the prediabetic stage attenuates renal injury in type 2 diabetic OLETF rats later in life was investigated. OLETF rats were treated with an AT(1) receptor antagonist (olmesartan, 0.01% in food), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (temocapril, 0.01% in food), a combination of the two, or hydralazine(More)
We examined the renoprotective effects of l-carnosine (beta-alanyl-l-histidine) on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced acute renal failure (ARF) in rats. Ischemic ARF was induced by occlusion of the left renal artery and vein for 45 min followed by reperfusion, 2 weeks after contralateral nephrectomy. In vehicle (0.9% saline)-treated rats, renal sympathetic(More)
Treatment with cyclosporine A (CysA), a potent immunosuppressive agent, is associated with systemic and renal vasoconstriction, leading to hypertension. The present study was conducted to elucidate the contribution of angiotensin II (Ang II) to CysA-induced hypertension and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. CysA (30 mg/kg per day SC), given for 3(More)
We demonstrated recently that chronic administration of aldosterone to rats induces glomerular mesangial injury and activates mitogen-activated protein kinases including extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2). We also observed that the aldosterone-induced mesangial injury and ERK1/2 activation were prevented by treatment with a selective(More)
The relations among hypertensive response, oxidative stress, and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in cardiovascular tissues have not been fully established. We investigated the involvement of reactive oxygen species on changes in the hemodynamics and cardiovascular MAPKs activities induced by acutely administered angiotensin II (Ang II) in conscious(More)
We have recently shown that systemic administration of a superoxide dismutase mimetic, tempol, resulted in decreases in mean arterial pressure and heart rate along with a reduction in renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA). It has also been shown that these parameters are significantly increased by systemic administration of a superoxide dismutase(More)