Youichi Abe

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Recent studies have implicated a contribution of oxidative stress to the development of hypertension. Studies were performed to determine the effects of the superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl (Tempol) on vascular superoxide production and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) in anesthetized Wistar-Kyoto(More)
Whether temporary angiotensin II (AngII) blockade at the prediabetic stage attenuates renal injury in type 2 diabetic OLETF rats later in life was investigated. OLETF rats were treated with an AT(1) receptor antagonist (olmesartan, 0.01% in food), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (temocapril, 0.01% in food), a combination of the two, or hydralazine(More)
We have previously reported that vasopressin (AVP) V2 receptor stimulation increased renal blood flow in dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital. In this study, we examined the direct effects of AVP on afferent arterioles to clarify the role played by V2 receptors in regulating afferent arteriolar tone. We microdissected a superficial afferent arteriole with(More)
The olfactory responses of the aquatic turtles, Geocylemys reevesii whose nostrils are closed underwater to nonvolatile substances were measured by recording the olfactory bulbar responses. Various salts, acids and bitter substances elicited large responses, while sugars and amino acids did not elicit the responses. The thresholds for the salts were much(More)
The sites associated with dopamine neurons which produce mouse-killing aggression (muricide) were examined in the rat brain. Muricide appeared in 60-80% of rats after being fed a thiamine-deficient diet for 28 days. Microinjection of dopamine (500 ng/rat) into the olfactory bulb (OB) significantly suppressed muricide, whereas injection into other brain(More)
During 30 days of thiamine deficiency (TD) feeding, the rat antinociceptive effect (pain threshold) to noxious heat stimulation was significantly increased in proportion to the decrease substance P (SP) fluorescent intensity in the spinal cord. Only a single injection of thiamine HCl (0.5 mg/kg, s.c.) on the early treatment day during TD feeding effectively(More)
Ten years have passed since endothelin (ET) was identified. The physiological roles of ET isopeptide family and its receptor subtypes have been much clarified by means of pharmacological, biochemical and molecular biological approaches. Especially, analyses with ET receptor blockers and approaches with gene-targeting of ET isopeptides and ET receptor(More)
The relationship between learning and genetic factor on immobility in mice during a forced swimming test (FST) has been studied. The duration of immobility during the FST did not change significantly after the administration of either scopolamine (2.5 mg/kg, ip) or cyclohexamine (150 mg/kg, ip), although both drugs produced impairment in the learning task.(More)