Youhe Gao

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BACKGROUND With the help of proteomics technology, the human plasma and urine proteomes, which closely represent the protein compositions of the input and output of the kidney, respectively, have been profiled in much greater detail by different research teams. Many datasets have been accumulated to form "reference profiles" of the plasma and urine(More)
The past decade witnessed a few biomarkers discovered and validated; however, biomarker research as a whole has not been fruitful as expected. A majority of our efforts has been focused on blood, the dynamic tissue directly connecting every part of the body. Nevertheless, despite all the interest and endeavor spent on it, the blood has failed to deliver(More)
Both the urinary proteome and its glycoproteome can reflect human health status, and more directly, functions of kidney and urinary tracts. Because the high abundance protein albumin is not N-glycosylated, the urine N-glycoprotein enrichment procedure could deplete it, and urine proteome could thus provide a more detailed protein profile in addition to(More)
A fairly large set of protein interactions is mediated by families of peptide binding domains, such as Src homology 2 (SH2), SH3, PDZ, major histocompatibility complex, etc. To identify their ligands by experimental screening is not only labor-intensive but almost futile in screening low abundance species due to the suppression by high abundance species. An(More)
Schistosomiasis is a serious global health problem that afflicts more than 230 million people in 77 countries. Long-term mass treatments with the only available drug, praziquantel, have caused growing concerns about drug resistance. PSD-95/Dlg/ZO-1 (PDZ) domain-containing proteins are recognized as potential targets for the next generation of drug(More)
Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are essential events to play important roles in a series of biological processes. There are probably more ways of PPIs than we currently realized. Structural and functional investigations of weak PPIs have lagged behind those of strong PPIs due to technical difficulties. Weak PPIs are often short-lived, which may result(More)
The most fundamental property of biomarkers is change. But changes are hard to maintain in plasma since it is strictly controlled by homeostatic mechanisms of the body. There is no homeostatic mechanism for urine. Besides, urine is partly a filtration of blood, and systematic information can be reflected in urine. We hypothesize that change of blood can be(More)
Biomarker is the measurable change associated with a physiological or pathophysiological process. Unlike blood which has mechanisms to keep the internal environment homeostatic, urine is more likely to reflect changes of the body. As a result, urine is likely to be a better biomarker source than blood. However, since the urinary proteome is affected by many(More)
Urine has the potential to become a better source of biomarkers. Urinary proteins are affected by many factors; therefore, differentiating between the variables associated with any particular pathophysiological condition in clinical samples is challenging. To circumvent these problems, simpler systems, such as animal models, should be used to establish a(More)
BACKGROUND Schistosomiasis is a chronic debilitating parasitic disease that afflicts more than 200 million individuals worldwide. Long-term administration of chemotherapy with the single available drug, praziquantel, has led to growing concerns about drug resistance. The PSD-95/Dlg/ZO-1 (PDZ) domain is an important module found in many scaffolding proteins,(More)