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The combinations of gel electrophoresis or LC and mass spectrometry are two popular approaches for large scale protein identification. However, the throughput of both approaches is limited by the speed of the protein digestion process. Present research into fast protein enzymatic digestion has been focused mainly on known proteins, and it is unclear whether(More)
Src homology 2 (SH2) domains are the largest family of interaction modules encoded by the human genome to recognize tyrosine-phosphorylated sequences and thereby play pivotal roles in transducing and controlling cellular signals emanating from protein-tyrosine kinases. Different SH2 domains select for distinct phosphopeptides, and the function of a given(More)
Time-consuming and experience-dependent manual validations of tandem mass spectra are usually applied to SEQUEST results. This inefficient method has become a significant bottleneck for MS/MS data processing. Here we introduce a program AMASS (advanced mass spectrum screener), which can filter the tandem mass spectra of SEQUEST results by measuring the(More)
RScore, a new criterion of randomicity for evaluating tandem mass (MS/MS) spectra, is described. RScore is defined as the relative quality in cross-correlation and matched intensity percentage of a potentially positive peptide to those of other possible candidates for the same spectrum. By utilizing RScore combined with less stringent SEQUEST score filters,(More)
The past decade witnessed a few biomarkers discovered and validated; however, biomarker research as a whole has not been fruitful as expected. A majority of our efforts has been focused on blood, the dynamic tissue directly connecting every part of the body. Nevertheless, despite all the interest and endeavor spent on it, the blood has failed to deliver(More)
BACKGROUND With the help of proteomics technology, the human plasma and urine proteomes, which closely represent the protein compositions of the input and output of the kidney, respectively, have been profiled in much greater detail by different research teams. Many datasets have been accumulated to form "reference profiles" of the plasma and urine(More)
Both the urinary proteome and its glycoproteome can reflect human health status, and more directly, functions of kidney and urinary tracts. Because the high abundance protein albumin is not N-glycosylated, the urine N-glycoprotein enrichment procedure could deplete it, and urine proteome could thus provide a more detailed protein profile in addition to(More)
Substrate-specific inhibition of the proteasome has been unachievable despite great interest in proteasome inhibitors as drugs. Recent studies demonstrated that PR39, a natural proline- and arginine-rich antibacterial peptide, stimulates angiogenesis and inhibits inflammatory responses by specifically blocking degradation of IkappaBalpha and HIF-1alpha by(More)
Biomarkers are the measurable changes associated with physiological or pathophysiological processes. Urine, unlike blood, lacks mechanisms for maintaining homeostasis: it is therefore an ideal source of biomarkers that can reflect systemic changes. Urinary proteome and metabolome have been studied for their diagnostic capabilities, ability to monitor(More)
The urinary proteome is known to be a valuable field of study related to organ functions. There have been several extensive urine proteome studies. However, the overlapping rate among different studies is relatively low. Whether the low overlapping rate was caused by different sample sources, preparation, separation and identification methods is unknown.(More)