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A new quad-quaternion model is herein established for an electromagnetic vector-sensor array, under which a multidimensional algebra-based direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation algorithm, termed as quad-quaternion MUSIC (QQ-MUSIC), is proposed. This method provides DOA estimation (decoupled from polarization) by exploiting the orthogonality of the newly(More)
Direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation based on the array of three-component electromagnetic vector-sensors is considered within a biquaternion framework. A relationship is established between the biquaternion covariance and the combination of both complex covariance and cross-product. By exploiting this relationship, the DOA estimates can finally be(More)
The closed-form conjugate multiple-invariance ESPRIT (CMI-ESPRIT) algorithm herein analyzed: (1) makes use of redundancy in the nonvanishing conjugated second-and fourth-order cumulants of noncircular signals; (2) recognizes the real-valued two-dimensional directivity inherently achieved by an acoustic vector-sensor in a free-space. It is provided in this(More)
The main motivation of using an acoustic vector-sensor in direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation applications has been its un-ambiguous two-dimensional directivity, insensitivity to the range of sources, and independence of signal frequency. The main objection lies in its lack of geometry-redundancy and limited degree of freedom. Four thus emerged(More)
Herein derived are the lower and upper bounds for the number of linearly independent (2Q)th-order virtual steering vectors of an array of electromagnetic vector-sensors, with Q being any positive integer over one. These bounds help determine the number of non-Gaussian signals whose directions-of-arrival (DOAs) can be uniquely identified from (2Q)th-order(More)
This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting galley proof before it is published in its final citable form. Please note that during the production(More)
The problem of direction of arrival (DOA) estimation with a crossed-dipole array is addressed within the quaternionic framework, and a new ESPRIT variant, termed as quaternion-ESPRIT (Q-ESPRIT), is proposed. The proposed algorithm arranges the recorded signals into a quarternion model, and estimates the signal subspace of an array of translational(More)
Perfect correlations between six electromagnetic components of a polarized source effect an efficient aperture for a solitary electromagnetic vector-sensor which is able to simultaneously collect the orthogonal electric and magnetic-field vectors. Single-vector-sensor direction finding is thus possible. Three critical aspects on direction finding of(More)