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Motion trajectory is a meaningful and informative clue in characterizing the motions of human, robots or moving objects. Hence, it is important to explore effective motion trajectory modeling. However, with the existing methods, a motion trajectory is used in its raw data form and effective trajectory description is lacking. In this paper, we propose a(More)
Background subtraction is important for detecting moving objects in videos. Currently, there are many approaches to performing background subtraction. However, they usually neglect the fact that the background images consist of different objects whose conditions may change frequently. In this paper, a novel hierarchical background model is proposed based on(More)
—A structured light vision system using pattern projection is useful for robust reconstruction of three-dimensional objects. One of the major tasks in using such a system is the calibration of the sensing system. This paper presents a new method by which a two-degree-of-freedom structured light system can be automatically recalibrated, if and when the(More)
Motion trajectory is a compact clue for motion characterization. However, it is normally used directly in its raw data form in most work and effective trajectory description is lacking. In this paper, we propose a novel hierarchical motion trajectory signature descriptor, which can not only fully capture motion features for detailed perception, but also can(More)
Structured light vision systems have been successfully used for accurate measurement of 3D surfaces in computer vision. However, their applications are mainly limited to scanning stationary objects so far since tens of images have to be captured for recovering one 3D scene. This paper presents an idea for real-time acquisition of 3D surface data by a(More)
In this paper we provide a broad survey of developments in active vision in robotic applications over the last 15 years. With increasing demand for robotic automation, research in this area has received much attention. Among the many factors that can be attributed to a high-performance robotic system, the planned sensing or acquisition of perceptions on the(More)
For omnidirectional cameras, most of the previous calibration methods from lines use conic fitting. This paper presents a calibration method for para-catadioptric-like cameras from lines without conic fitting under a single view. We establish equations on the five camera intrinsic parameters. These equations are linear for the focal lengths and skew factor(More)
—Weld bead inspection is important for high-quality welding. This paper summarizes our work on weld bead profile measurement, monitoring, and defect detection using a struc-tured light-based vision inspection system. The configuration of the sensor is described and analyzed. In this configuration, the system presented in this paper can easily be calibrated.(More)