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Impedance measurement of live biological cells is widely accepted as a label free, non-invasive and quantitative analytical method to assess cell status. This method is easy-to-use and flexible for device design and fabrication. In this review, three typical techniques for impedance measurement, i.e., electric cell-substrate impedance sensing, Impedance(More)
High-efficiency transfection of genes, proteins, or drug compounds into cells without causing permanent damage is a prerequisite for many cell biology experiments. Here, we report a printed circuit board (PCB)-based electroporation device for high-throughput delivery of exogenous molecules into cells in an individually addressable manner. This device(More)
Nephrotoxicity is one of the major concerns for anticancer drug safety because most drugs are metabolized and excreted by the kidneys. Convenient tools able to perform rapid in vitro cytotoxicity analysis and identify drug side effects in kidney cells during early phases of drug discovery could be beneficial to drug development programs. Here we developed(More)
Here, we report a novel method for the fabrication of polydimethylsiloxane microdevices with complicated 3-D structures, such as concave and crater shapes, using an easily machined polymethyl methacrylate mold combined with a one-step molding process. The procedure presented here enables rapid preparation of complex 3-D microstructures varying in shape and(More)
Electroporation is a commonly used approach to rapidly introduce exogenous molecules into cells without permanent damage. Compared to classical electroporation protocols, microchip-based electroporation approaches have the advantages of high transfection efficiency and low consumption, but they also commonly rely on costly and tedious microfabrication(More)
In basic cell biology research and drug discovery, it is important to rapidly introduce genes, proteins or drug compounds into cells without permanent damage. Here, we report a three dimensional SU-8 micro-well structure sandwiched with an indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode-covered slide from the top and an individually addressable array of microelectrodes on(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have reported a number of loci harboring common variants that influence risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in European descent. But all the SNPs identified explained a small fraction of total heritability. To identify more genetic factors that modify the risk of CRC, especially Chinese Han specific, we conducted a(More)
The monitoring and evaluation of cell behaviors under various concentrations of diffusible molecules or drugs are important in drug screening and in many other types of biological studies. In the current study, a novel polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based microfluidic device was established for the real-time monitoring of drug-induced cytotoxicity using(More)
Multiplex PCR is an effective tool for simultaneous multiple target detection but is limited by the intrinsic interference and competition among primer pairs when it is performed in one reaction tube. Dividing a multiplex PCR into many single PCRs is a simple strategy to overcome this issue. Here, we constructed a plastic, easy-to-use, fully sealed(More)
A stereo obstacle detection method based on images symmetrical move and cell partition is presented in this paper. This algorithm gets each cell's optimum offset by calculating the minimum non-similarity of cell, and merges Cell of Interests (COIs) to calculate obstacles in the most probably obstacle regions, and gives information of these obstacles. The(More)