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The authors propose a nonrigid image registration approach to align two computed-tomography (CT)-derived lung datasets acquired during breath-holds at two inspiratory levels when the image distortion between the two volumes is large. The goal is to derive a three-dimensional warping function that can be used in association with computational fluid dynamics(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Faster and more accurate methods for registration of images are important for research involved in conducting population-based studies that utilize medical imaging, as well as improvements for use in clinical applications. We present a novel computation- and memory-efficient multi-level method on graphics processing units (GPU) for(More)
We present a novel image-based technique to estimate a subject-specific boundary condition (BC) for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of pulmonary air flow. The information of regional ventilation for an individual is derived by registering two computed tomography (CT) lung datasets and then passed to the CT-resolved airways as the flow BC. The(More)
The purpose of this work was to explore the use of image registration-derived variables associated with computed tomographic (CT) imaging of the lung acquired at multiple volumes. As an evaluation of the utility of such an imaging approach, we explored two groups at the extremes of population ranging from normal subjects to severe asthmatics. A(More)
A novel algorithm is presented that links local structural variables (regional ventilation and deforming central airways) to global function (total lung volume) in the lung over three imaged lung volumes, to derive a breathing lung model for computational fluid dynamics simulation. The algorithm constitutes the core of an integrative, image-based(More)
We evaluate the non-linear characteristics of the human lung via image registration-derived local variables based on volumetric multi-detector-row computed tomographic (MDCT) lung image data of six normal human subjects acquired at three inflation levels: 20% of vital capacity (VC), 60% VC and 80% VC. Local variables include Jacobian (ratio of volume(More)
We present a registration algorithm that can handle the discontinuity of deformation with an ultimate goal to investigate how pulmonary lobes deform to accommodate chest wall shape changes. We first show that discontinuities can exist in both normal and tangent directions. Such discontinuities are accounted for by a spatially varying diffusive(More)
The human lungs are divided into five independent compartments called lobes. The lobar fissures separate the lung lobes. It is hypothesized that the lobar surfaces slide against each other during respiration. We propose a method to evaluate the sliding motion of the lobar surfaces during respiration using lobe-by-lobe mass-preserving non-rigid image(More)
The unidirectional oscillating flow of a viscoelastic fluid with the fractional Maxwell model is studied. The flow is produced by a periodic pressure gradient in an infinite straight pipe. Exact solutions are obtained in the time and frequency domains by using Fourier transform. The fractional Maxwell model exhibits resonance phenomena similar to that of(More)
BACKGROUND Although lobar patterns of emphysema heterogeneity are indicative of optimal target sites for lung volume reduction (LVR) strategies, the presence of segmental, or sublobar, heterogeneity is often underappreciated. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to understand lobar and segmental patterns of emphysema heterogeneity, which may more precisely(More)