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Dynamic nuclear Ca(2+) signals play pivotal roles in diverse cellular functions including gene transcription, cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. Here we report a novel nuclear Ca(2+) regulatory mechanism mediated by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP(3)Rs) around the nucleus in developing cardiac myocytes. Activation of IP(3)Rs by(More)
RATIONALE Failing cardiomyocytes exhibit decreased efficiency of excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling. The downregulation of junctophilin-2 (JP2), a protein anchoring the sarcoplasmic reticulum to T-tubules, has been identified as a major mechanism underlying the defective E-C coupling. However, the regulatory mechanism of JP2 remains unknown. OBJECTIVE(More)
Pressure overload-induced hypertrophy is a key step leading to heart failure. The Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release (CICR) process that governs cardiac contractility is defective in hypertrophy/heart failure, but the molecular mechanisms remain elusive. To examine the intermolecular aspects of CICR during hypertrophy, we utilized loose-patch confocal imaging to(More)
We previously reported that cardiac fibroblasts, but not cardiomyocytes, are served as the predominant source of IL-6 after isoproterenol stimulation in mouse myocardium. The present study investigated the molecular mechanism of isoproterenol-mediated secretion of IL-6 in mouse cardiac fibroblasts. Treatment of cells with isoproterenol-induced a(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy in response to multiple stimuli has important physiological and pathological significances. GATA4 serves as a nuclear integrator of several signalling pathways during cardiac hypertrophy. Sp1 and Sp3 are also reported to be involved in this process. However, the mechanism by which GATA4 acts as a mediator, integrating these ubiquitously(More)
1. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I plays an important role in the pathogenesis of heart disease and has been shown to strongly induce the proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs). It remains unknown whether 14-3-3 proteins, which are associated the regulation of signal transduction, affect IGF-I-induced CF proliferation. 2. In the present study, we(More)
The genetic lesion in the quakingviable (qk(v)) mutant mice is a deletion 5' to the qkI gene, resulting in severe hypomyelination. qkI produces several QKI protein isoforms via alternative splicing of the C-terminal coding exons. In the qk(v)/qk(v) brain, immunostaining of QKI proteins is diminished in an isoform-differential manner with undefined(More)
Contractility estimation of cardiac myocyte is important for power evaluation of the cell in heart performance. In this paper, we used digital image correlation (DIC) method to obtain dynamic deformation field of the flexible substrate distributively actuated by single cardiac myocyte, which resulted in the dynamic history of traction forces of the cell(More)
Early identification for heart failure (HF) may be useful for disease modifying treatment in order to reduce heart disease progression or even to reverse it. In our previous studies, we have revealed a group of heat shock proteins (HSPs) which might be related to neonatal rat cardiomyocyte hypertrophy by proteomic approach. Here, we confirm that HSPs,(More)
Heart disease is associated with increased sympathetic nerve activity and elevated levels of circulating catecholamines, resulting in chronic stimulation of the β-adrenergic receptors (β-AR) and consequent pathological cardiac remodeling. Experimentally, chronic administration of the β-AR agonist isoproterenol (ISO) has been most commonly used to model(More)