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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important regulatory roles in animals and plants by targeting mRNAs for cleavage or translational repression. They have diverse expression patterns and might regulate various developmental and physiological processes. Profiling miRNA expression is very helpful for studying biological functions of miRNAs. We report a novel miRNA(More)
microRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding small RNAs that act as negative regulators of gene expression by binding to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of target mRNAs. Tumor protein p53, a transcriptional factor, plays an important role in the progression of tumorigenesis. miR-150 was the only miRNA predicted to target 3'-UTR of p53 by Targetscan. In(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs of ∼22 nucleotides (nt) in length that bind to the 3′UTRs of their target mRNAs, leading to translational inhibition or mRNA degradation (Bartel, 2009). miRNAs regulate the expression of hundreds of genes involved in various biological processes, such as apoptosis, migration, metastasis, and autophagy (Flynt and(More)
Tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (TrpRS) consists of two identical subunits that induce the cross-subunit binding mode of tRNA(Trp). It has been shown that eubacterial and eukaryotic TrpRSs cannot efficiently cross-aminoacylate the corresponding tRNA(Trp). Although the identity elements in tRNA(Trp) that confer the species-specific recognition have been(More)
Tanshinone is the liposoluble constituent of Salia miltiorrhiza, a root used in traditional herbal medicine which is known to possess certain health benefits. Although it is known that tanshinones, including tanshinone I (T1), tanshinone IIA (T2A), and cryptotanshinone (CT), can inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells in vitro, the mechanism under which(More)
MicroRNAs (MiRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules which act as important regulators of post-transcriptional gene expression by binding 3′-untranslated region (3′-UTR) of target messenger RNA (mRNA). In this study, we analyzed miRNA-34a (miR-34a) as a tumor suppressor in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) H1299 cell line. The expression level of miR-34a(More)
The gynecophoral canal protein gene SjGCP of Schistosoma japonicum that is necessary for the pairing between the male and female worms is specifically expressed in the adult male worm. This protein is widely distributed in the adult female worm after pairing. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunofluorescence were employed to(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous small RNAs that play important regulatory roles in both animals and plants. miRNA genes have been intensively studied in animals, but not in plants. In this study, we adopted a homology search approach to identify homologs of previously validated plant miRNAs in Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa. We(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the anti-fibrogenesis property of intraportal vein injection of small interfering RNA targeting connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in a rat model of liver fibrosis and its effect on the accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM). METHODS Thirty male rats were randomly divided into five groups. Some rats received CCl4(More)
BACKGROUND Activation and proliferation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) is essentially involved in the development and progression of hepatic fibrosis. The most potent growth factor for HSC is platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGF) and PDGF receptor beta subunit (PDGFR-beta) is the predominant signal transduction pathway of PDGF which is(More)